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Grover Cleveland Loening (September 12, 1888 – February 29, 1976) was an American aircraft manufacturer.

Grover Cleveland Loening
Born(1888-09-12)September 12, 1888
Bremen, German Empire
DiedFebruary 29, 1976(1976-02-29) (aged 87)
Coconut Grove, Florida, US
NationalityGerman American
Alma materColumbia University
OccupationAircraft pilot, designer, builder, author and advisor
AwardsWright Brothers Memorial Trophy (1950)
Daniel Guggenheim Medal (1960)


Loening was born in Bremen, in what was then Imperial Germany, on September 12, 1888, while his American-born father was stationed there as U.S. Consul. He graduated from Columbia University in New York City, where he was awarded the first-ever degree in Aeronautical Engineering.[3]

Following graduation, he joined the Queen Aeroplane Company in New York, managed the Wright Company factory in Dayton, Ohio for Orville Wright in 1913 and 1914, published a book, Military Airplanes, and became Vice President of the Sturtevant Aeroplane Company and Chief engineer for the Army in San Diego. In 1917 he formed the Loening Aeronautical Engineering Corporation; after it merged with Keystone Aircraft in 1928, he formed the Grover Loening Aircraft Company. His work on the Loening Flying Yacht won the 1921 Collier Trophy. His notoriety increasing in 1927, Loening dated Elizabeth Nast, a Vogue model twenty years his junior with an affinity for flying.[4] Loening would test fly his own aircraft. Among his employees were Leroy Grumman, William T. Schwendler, and Jake Swirbul who would go on to form Grumman.[5] The company eventually closed in 1933. During World War II he was chief consultant to the War Production Board, NACA, and Grumman.[6]

Loening designed monoplane, circa 1923.
Loening designed monoplane, circa 1923.

When asked how to say his name, he told The Literary Digest: "The correct American pronunciation, used by me and universally in aviation, is one that ignores the e or the umlaut suggestion; viz., the low is pronounced as low to rhyme with doe, and accenting the first syllable—lo'ning." (Charles Earle Funk, What's the Name, Please?, Funk & Wagnalls, 1936.)

In 1965 Loening was inducted into the International Air & Space Hall of Fame for his innovation in seaplane technology and production. He is celebrated along with the other inductees in the Hall of Fame's portrait gallery within the San Diego Air and Space Museum.[7]

He is a 1976 recipient of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution.

He died on February 29, 1976, in Coconut Grove, Florida.


  1. Flying Magazine: 73. Aug 1976. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. "Services Scheduled for Aviation Pioneer", Miami Herald, March 3, 1976
  3. "The Founding Father". Flying Magazine: 76. Aug 1976.
  4. Carolyn Burke. Lee Miller: a life. p. 63.
  5. Sport Aviation. May 1960. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. Flying Magazine: 74. Aug 1976. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. Sprekelmeyer 2006, p.10.


На других языках

[de] Grover Loening

Grover Cleveland Loening (* 12. September 1888 in Bremen; † 29. Februar 1976 in Coconut Grove, Miami, Florida) war ein US-amerikanischer Flugzeugkonstrukteur und Luftfahrtpionier. Er war Sohn des US-Generalkonsuls.
- [en] Grover Loening

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