avia.wikisort.org - Helicopter

Search / Calendar

The Saro P.531 (or Saunders-Roe P.531) is a British all-metal five-seat helicopter designed and built by Saunders-Roe Limited (Saro).

First P.531-0, G-APNV at the Farnborough show 1958
Role Five-seat utility helicopter
Manufacturer Saunders-Roe
First flight 20 July 1958
Introduction 1959
Primary user Fleet Air Arm
Number built 6
Variants Westland Scout
Westland Wasp


Design of the P.531[1][2] was started in November 1957 as a private venture improvement of the company's earlier Skeeter.[3] The first prototypes were powered by a derated 325 shp Blackburn Turbomeca Turmo 600, a free turbine engine allowing clutchless transmission. The P.531 first flew on 20 July 1958.[1] Three more developed P.531-0s followed and these were delivered to the Royal Navy/Fleet Air Arm for trials and familiarisation. Following evaluation by the Navy a batch of 30 developed aircraft were eventually ordered as the Westland Wasp.

Two militiarised P.531-2s were completed in 1959, powered by the Blackburn Nimbus and the de Havilland Gnome H1000 free-turbine engines, both derated to 635 hp now that the transmission tests had proved such powers acceptable. Like the Turmo installation, these engines were mounted, uncowled behind the cabin for easy servicing. There were aerodynamic shape revisions and a floor extension to allow six, rather than five seats. The vision was improved with perspex panels in the doors, tankage was increased and all-metal rotors introduced. These modifications increased gross weight by 1,200 lb (544 kg).

Saro had an order for eight pre-production aircraft from the British Army′s Army Air Corps for evaluation and trials; these would have been known as the Saro Sprite, but the company was taken over by Westland Helicopters and the aircraft became the first Westland Scout A.H.1s.

Another P.531-2 was built for evaluation by the Indian government[4] but following a lack of interest was re-worked as Scout standard for the Army Air Corps.



Prototype powered by the Turmo 600, one built. Had a short tailplane for c.g. adjustment, though not always installed.
Three further prototypes with full scale tailplane, Turmo powered. All three were used by the Navy, with many deck landings; these flights fed into the later development of the Westland Wasp.
Militarised version for both Army and Navy use, powered by a slightly derated 635 hp (474 kW) Blackburn Nimbus free-turbine engine. Two built by Saro, the second initially powered by a de Havilland Gnome H.1000, derated to 635 hp. It was later developed as the forerunner of the Westland Scout.


 United Kingdom

Aircraft on display

First P.531-0 prototype, XN332 ex-G-APNV in storage at RNAS Yeovilton in 2005
First P.531-0 prototype, XN332 ex-G-APNV in storage at RNAS Yeovilton in 2005

Specifications (P.531, G-APNU)

Data from [5]

General characteristics


See also

Related development

Related lists


  1. Jackson 1974, p 295 and 329
  2. London 1988, pp. 263–76
  3. Orbis 1985, p 3093
  4. British Military 1983, p 140.
  5. London 1988, pp. 272

На других языках

[de] Saunders-Roe P.531

Der Saunders-Roe P.531 war ein fünfsitziger leichter Hubschrauber des britischen Unternehmens Saunders-Roe. Er stellt eine Weiterentwicklung des zweisitzigen Saunders-Roe Skeeter dar und ist wiederum Vorläufer der Westland-Scout-Familie.
- [en] Saro P.531

Текст в блоке "Читать" взят с сайта "Википедия" и доступен по лицензии Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike; в отдельных случаях могут действовать дополнительные условия.

Другой контент может иметь иную лицензию. Перед использованием материалов сайта WikiSort.org внимательно изучите правила лицензирования конкретных элементов наполнения сайта.

WikiSort.org - проект по пересортировке и дополнению контента Википедии