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Royal Air Force Brize Norton or RAF Brize Norton (IATA: BZZ, ICAO: EGVN) in Oxfordshire, about 75 mi (121 km) west north-west of London, is the largest station of the Royal Air Force.[4] It is close to the village of Brize Norton, and the towns of Carterton and Witney.

RAF Brize Norton
Near Carterton, Oxfordshire in England
A400M Atlas at RAF Brize Norton
Transire Confidenter
(Latin for 'Move with confidence')[1]
RAF Brize Norton
Shown within Oxfordshire
Coordinates51°45′00″N 001°35′01″W
TypeMain Operating Base
Area481 hectares (1,190 acres)[2]
Site information
OwnerMinistry of Defence
OperatorRoyal Air Force
Controlled byNo. 2 Group (Air Combat Support)
Site history
Built1935 (1935)
In use1937 – present
Garrison information
Group Captain Claire O'Grady
Occupants See Based units section for full list.
Airfield information
IdentifiersIATA: BZZ, ICAO: EGVN, WMO: 03649
Elevation87.4 metres (287 ft) AMSL
Direction Length and surface
07/25 3,050 metres (10,007 ft) Asphalt
Source: RAF Brize Norton Defence Aerodrome Manual[3]

The station is the base for air transport, air-to-air refuelling and military parachuting, with aircraft operating from the station including the Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Boeing C-17 Globemaster III, Airbus A400M Atlas and Airbus Voyager which replaced the now-decommissioned Vickers VC10 in September 2013[5] and the Lockheed TriStar in March 2014.[6]

Major infrastructure redevelopment began in 2010, ahead of the closure of RAF Lyneham in 2012, and Brize Norton became the sole air point of embarkation for British troops.[7]


Royal Air Force

Construction of RAF Brize Norton began in 1935 with the official opening taking place on 13 August 1937.[8] The station was originally to be named RAF Carterton, given its proximity and relationship with the town of the same name, but was instead named RAF Brize Norton to avoid possible confusion with RAF Cardington in Bedfordshire.[9] The station's first unit, No. 2 Flying Training School (No. 2 FTS) transferred from RAF Digby in Lincolnshire on 7 September 1937.[10] On 10 October 1938, No. 2 FTS was joined by No. 6 Maintenance Unit (No. 6 MU).[11]

One of the first operational squadrons to use the airfield was a detachment of No. 110 Squadron which operated from Brize Norton from June 1939 with the Bristol Blenheim Mk.1 and IV.[12] No. 2 FTS was renamed No. 2 Service Flying Training School (No. 2 SFTS) in September 1939, when it re-equipped with the Airspeed Oxford. No. 16 Service Training School, equipped with the North American Harvard, moved to Brize Norton in June 1940. On 16 August, the airfield was attacked by Luftwaffe bombers, with thirty-five Oxfords and eleven Hawker Hurricanes destroyed.[13] No. 16 SFTS left later that year, but No. 2 SFTS and No. 6 MU continued to use the airfield, with No. 1525 Beam Approach Training Flight arriving in February 1942.[11]

An Airspeed Horsa Mk.1 of the Heavy Glider Conversion Unit at Brize Norton during the Second World War
An Airspeed Horsa Mk.1 of the Heavy Glider Conversion Unit at Brize Norton during the Second World War

The No. 110 Squadron detachment left Brize Norton on 17 March 1942, when the squadron departed for Asia.[12] The two flying training units left on 16 July 1942 to make way for a new user, the Heavy Glider Conversion Unit (HGCU), equipped with Whitley glider tugs and Airspeed Horsa gliders.[11] No. 296 Squadron and No. 297 Squadron both moved in on 14 March 1944 with their Armstrong Whitworth Albemarles,[14] displacing the Heavy Glider Conversion Unit, which moved to RAF North Luffenham. The two Squadrons took part in the Invasion of France on 6 June 1944 and Operation Market Garden in September 1944,[15] before No. 296 Squadron added the Handley Page Halifax Mk.V to their inventory and moved to RAF Earls Colne on 29 September 1944. No. 297 Squadron also moved there a day later.[14]

The HGCU (soon renumbered No. 21 HGCU) returned on 15 October 1944, remaining at Brize Norton until 31 December 1945. The Transport Command Development Unit (TCDU) moved in during 1946, operating a variety of equipment until it departed in June 1949.[16] No. 297 Squadron returned after the Second World War ended, on 5 September 1946 with the Halifax Mk.A.7 and A.9 from RAF Tarrant Rushton, before leaving on 21 August 1947 for RAF Fairford.[14] After the TCDU left in June 1949, No, 2 Squadron of the Central Flying School, equipped with the Harvard, moved in, followed by No. 204 Advanced Flying School, equipped with the de Havilland Mosquito, staying at Brize Norton until March and June 1950 respectively.[17]

United States Air Force

By 1950, elements of the United States Air Force's (USAF) Strategic Air Command (SAC) were based at RAF Lakenheath, RAF Marham, and RAF Sculthorpe. The increasing tension of the Cold War led to a re-evaluation of these deployments. By 1953, SAC bombers began to move further west, behind RAF fighter forces, to Brize Norton, RAF Greenham Common, RAF Upper Heyford, and RAF Fairford. As with the other stations it occupied, SAC invested heavily in extending the runway (6,000 to 9,000 ft (1,829 to 2,743 m)), taxiways and dispersals, as well as constructing accommodation and weapons handling facilities. This work was completed in April 1951.[18]

Command of the station was transferred from U.S. Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) to SAC on 8 December 1952. 30th Air Depot Wing became the 3rd Air Force unit responsible for control of all personnel at Brize Norton, upon receipt of instructions to control base functions.[19] The station was assigned to the 7th Air Division and operated by the 3920th Air Base Group, which was renamed as the 3920th Combat Support Group, and then the 3920th Strategic Wing in 1964. The 3920th ceased operations in 1965.[20][21]

The first major USAF deployment was that of twenty-one Convair B-36 Peacemaker strategic bombers of the 11th Bomb Wing for eight days in June 1952. Boeing B-29 Superfortress and the KB-29 air-air tankers of the 301st Bombardment Wing were based at Brize Norton on temporary duty from December 1952 to April 1953.[17]

A US Air Force B-47 Stratojet at Brize Norton during 1954
A US Air Force B-47 Stratojet at Brize Norton during 1954

From September 1953, units equipped with the Boeing B-47E Stratojet six-engined bombers began to be deployed to Brize Norton on 90-day temporary deployments, with boom-equipped Boeing KC-97G Stratofreighters also being deployed in support from December 1954.[17] Brize Norton was closed for runway repairs in 1956.[17] Later deployments included KC-97 and Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker and the first Convair B-58 Hustler and Boeing B-52 Stratofortress bombers to land in the United Kingdom.[22]

From 1958, B-47 deployments changed from 90-day temporary deployments to 30-day Reflex Alerts, in which the aircraft did little flying, but were held at a high degree of readiness (armed with nuclear bombs) on special aprons on the south side of the airbase.[23] In September 1964, the USAF announced that Reflex operations would cease and that Brize Norton would be returned to the RAF.[20][21]

Back to Royal Air Force control

With RAF Lyneham, the home of RAF Transport Command's Bristol Britannia and De Havilland Comet fleets operating at capacity, the planned introduction to RAF service of the Vickers VC10 and Short Belfast created a requirement for an additional major strategic transport airfield. The planned withdrawal of the USAF, its long runway and close proximity to army bases in the south of England, resulted in Brize Norton being selected for the role in 1963.[24]

While the base was formally returned to the RAF on 1 April 1965, the last SAC aircraft, a B-47E of the 380th Bombardment Wing left the base on 3 April, while USAF personnel finally left on 31 May.[25]

Both No. 10 Squadron, equipped with the Vickers VC10 C.1 jet transport[26] and No. 53 Squadron equipped with the Short Belfast C.1 heavy lift turboprop freighter moved from RAF Fairford in May 1967.[27] As facilities at Brize Norton were still unfinished, they used RAF Lyneham as a passenger terminal until October 1968.[28]

No. 53 Squadron operated the Short Belfast C.1 from Brize Norton during the 1960s and 1970s
No. 53 Squadron operated the Short Belfast C.1 from Brize Norton during the 1960s and 1970s

In 1970, two squadrons No. 99 Squadron[29] and No. 511 Squadron operating the Bristol Britannia moved from RAF Lyneham. Both squadrons were disbanded in 1976,[30] along with No. 53 Squadron, operating the Short Belfast C.1[27] In the same year, No. 115 Squadron moved from RAF Cottesmore, operating the Hawker Siddeley Andover in the radar calibration role. The squadron moved to RAF Benson in 1983.[31]

No. 101 Squadron reformed at Brize Norton on 1 May 1984,[32] flying the converted former civil VC-10, heavily modified and updated by British Aerospace for military service as aerial refuelling tankers between 1983 and 1993. Of the thirty-nine airline aircraft acquired by the RAF, thirteen were converted, while the remainder were cannibalised for spare parts. These converted VC-10s were all three-point tankers; capable of refuelling one aircraft (typically another large aircraft) using the main hose or two smaller aircraft using the underwing pods. The variants were designated K.2, K.3 and K.4.[33]

Vickers VC-10 aircraft parked at Brize Norton during 2003. The aircraft was operated by the RAF from the 1960s to 2013
Vickers VC-10 aircraft parked at Brize Norton during 2003. The aircraft was operated by the RAF from the 1960s to 2013

Following the Falklands War, the RAF found itself lacking in the strategic transport capabilities required to sustain the expanded military presence there. As a result, No. 216 Squadron was reformed at Brize Norton in November 1984,[34] initially flying six ex-British Airways Lockheed L-1011 TriStars, followed by three more from Pan-Am.[35]

On 23 May 2001, the RAF's first C-17A Globemaster III arrived at Brize Norton, one of eight to be delivered to No. 99 Squadron.[36] On 14 October 2005, No. 10 Squadron was disbanded, the aircrew and aircraft being merged with No. 101 Squadron.[37]

Like other UK military bases (for example RAF Fairford, Faslane Naval Base, RAF Lakenheath, and Menwith Hill) RAF Brize Norton has been subject to limited protests by peace demonstrators. During the 2003 Iraq War, four anti-war protesters managed to access the main runway in an attempt to prevent aircraft taking off.[38] A peace camp was held at the station from 21 to 25 April 2005, along with a demonstration in nearby Carterton.[39] On 12 August 2006, campaigners restricted access at the main entrance for several hours in a protest against British foreign policy in the Middle East.[40]

Work to repair and upgrade the runways commenced in April 2007, and repatriation of British personnel was transferred to RAF Lyneham at the same time.[41] With the closure of RAF Lyneham taking place in late 2011, the repatriation transferred back to Brize Norton on 8 September 2011. To accommodate the repatriation services, a purpose-built centre was constructed,[42] and an exit gate was refurbished and formally named the Britannia Gate.[43]

Redevelopment as a transport base

An A400M Atlas C1 parked at Brize Norton during 2014
An A400M Atlas C1 parked at Brize Norton during 2014

Brize Norton was subsequently redeveloped as the major airbase for the RAF's transport fleet. The end of flying from RAF Lyneham in September 2011 made Brize Norton the sole "Air Point of Embarkation", the main operating base for RAF air transport and in-air refuelling aircraft, and home to 15% of RAF uniformed manpower.[44] All the RAF's fixed wing transport assets were consolidated at Brize Norton, with the transfer of the entire C-130 Hercules force, together with the entry into service of the Airbus A400M and the A330 Voyager.[45]

To accommodate this expansion (with the number of aircraft stationed at Brize Norton increasing from twenty-eight to sixty-seven),[46] a major infrastructure redevelopment, "Programme Future Brize" was established in 2009. The project involved the overhaul of virtually every element of the airfield's infrastructure, including IT, engineering, housing and personnel.[47]

On 25 January 2011, a new station chapel and chaplaincy centre was opened by the RAF Chaplain-in-Chief, The Venerable (Air Vice Marshal) Ray Pentland.[48]

By March 2011, seventy buildings had been refurbished on the station.[49] As part of work to prepare for the introduction of A330 Voyager aircraft into active service, a new hangar and office complex was opened in the same month.[50]

A RAF C-130J Hercules C4 taking off from Brize Norton during 2012
A RAF C-130J Hercules C4 taking off from Brize Norton during 2012

The C-130 Hercules fleet at RAF Lyneham officially moved to Brize Norton on 1 July 2011. The final four aircraft flew to the station, conducting a flypast over Wiltshire. Group Captain John Gladstone, Station Commander of RAF Lyneham, flew the lead Hercules, which carried the standards of the Hercules squadrons. These were presented to the Station Commander of RAF Brize Norton, Group Captain Dom Stamp in a welcoming ceremony.[51]

In February 2012, work started on converting a Second World War era hangar located north of the main airfield site, into new accommodation for the RAF Tactical Medical Wing (TMW) and No. 4626 (County of Wiltshire) Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron (RAuxAF). The work, which cost £15 million, included provision of a single storey temperature controlled facility within the hangar for the TMW's operational stores facilities, office accommodation, a training building and external training area. The facilities opened in July 2013 and allowed the TMW and No. 4626 Squadron to move to Brize Norton from RAF Lyneham.[52][53]

On 25 August 2017, the station's Air Movements Squadron subordinated to No. 1 Air Mobility Wing (1AMW), a high readiness unit providing early entry air movements support forming part of the RAF's A4 Force which specialises in logistic support for expeditionary air operations.[54]

A new maintenance hangar capable of accommodating three A400M Atlas aircraft was officially opened by Minister for Defence Procurement Guto Bebb on 1 February 2018. The hangar, located on the eastern side of the airfield, cost approximately £70 million and provides 24,000 square metres of floor space.[55]

In September 2018, No. 2 Squadron RAF Regiment, which provides protection to the Air Mobility Force, moved to the station from RAF Honington in Suffolk.[56] No. 30 Squadron reformed in September 2021 to operate the A400M Atlas, becoming the second frontline Atlas unit.[57]

Role and operations

Transport operations

An A330 Voyager at Brize Norton during 2014. Other aircraft of the RAF's transport fleet, the C-17A Globemaster III and C-130 Hercules are in the background
An A330 Voyager at Brize Norton during 2014. Other aircraft of the RAF's transport fleet, the C-17A Globemaster III and C-130 Hercules are in the background

The station is home to approximately 5,800 military staff, 1,200 contractors and 300 civilian staff.[4] The station accommodates the RAF's strategic and tactical air transport and air-to-air refuelling fleets, operating the Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Boeing C-17 Globemaster III, Airbus A400M Atlas and Airbus A330 MRTT Voyager.[4] The A330 is operated by AirTanker Services under the Future Strategic Tanker Aircraft contract.[58] AirTanker also operates service to RAF Mount Pleasant, Falkland Islands, on which civilian passengers can book tickets.

Civilian passengers had been permitted on flights to and from RAF Ascension Island with reservations handled by AW Ship Management, with some customers doing package deals combined with the RMS Saint Helena, which travelled between Saint Helena and Cape Town, South Africa until the opening of St Helena Airport to passenger flights.[59][60]

Expeditionary Air Wing

No. 38 Expeditionary Air Wing was formed at Brize Norton on 1 April 2006 and acts as a deployable command and control headquarters to support Air Mobility Operations.[61]

Supported units

The station is home to Joint Air Delivery Test and Evaluation Unit (JADTEU) – a tri-service unit that tests and evaluates air transportation methods,[62] No.1 Parachute Training School RAF – a training school for airborne forces[63] and No 1 Air Mobility Wing – an air combat support unit on high readiness to deploy specialist movements personnel worldwide.[4]

Based units

Flying and notable non-flying units based at RAF Brize Norton.[4][64][65]

Previous units

No. 216 Squadron operated the Lockheed Tristar from Brize Norton between 1985 and 2014
No. 216 Squadron operated the Lockheed Tristar from Brize Norton between 1985 and 2014

A partial list of units previously based at Brize Norton.


Station badge and motto

Brize Norton's badge, awarded in January 1968, features a knight's helmet with two blue ostrich feathers against the backdrop of an arched castle gateway. The gateway represents the station's role as the hub for UK troops and transport aircraft departing on worldwide operations. The helm represents the military personnel carried from the station.[68]

The station's motto (Transire confidenter) is in Latin and translates into English as Pass through confidently, again acknowledging the station's gateway role.[68]

Gate guardian

Unlike many RAF stations, Brize Norton does not have an aircraft on display as a gate guardian. In October 2017 however, a sculpture by local artist David Harber was unveiled to mark the station's 80th anniversary. Named Gate Guardian, the metal sculpture depicts a globe circled by four of Brize Norton's aircraft, an Atlas, a Voyager, a Globemaster and a Hercules.[69]

Community relations and media

RAF Brize Norton enjoys the freedom of Carterton, Exeter, and Torbay.[70][71][72]

The station magazine is called 51º North, in reference to the latitude of Brize Norton (51º 45'). The magazine is distributed to station personnel, their families and the local community and is available on-line.[73]

The station featured in the 2013 observational documentary series Inside RAF Brize Norton. The seven-part series followed activity at the station during 2012 and was shown on Sky One.[74]

See also



  1. Pine, L.G. (1983). A dictionary of mottoes (1 ed.). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 236. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
  2. "Defence Estates Development Plan 2009 – Annex A". GOV.UK. Ministry of Defence. 3 July 2009. p. 32. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  3. "RAF Brize Norton Defence Aerodrome Manual". Royal Air Force. Military Aviation Authority. 17 January 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  4. "RAF Brize Norton". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 28 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "The 'End of an Era' For The Queen of the Skies". Royal Air Force. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  6. "TriStar Retires After 30 Years Service with the RAF". Royal Air Force. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  7. Hearn, Dan (4 February 2011). "RAF Brize Norton to double in size". This is Oxfordshire. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  8. "Station History". RAF Brize Norton. Archived from the original on 11 December 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  9. "Brize Norton: Introduction | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  10. March 1982a, p. 269
  11. March 1982a, p. 270
  12. Jefford 1988, p. 55.
  13. Jenkins, Stanley C (2014). Oxfordshire at War Through Time. United Kingdom: Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 9781445619460.
  14. Jefford 1988, p. 84.
  15. March 1982a, pp. 270–271
  16. March 1982a, pp. 271–272
  17. March 1982a, p. 272
  18. Birtles 2012, p. 86
  19. "30 Air Depot Wing, Operations Plan 2-52 30 Air Depot Wing, Inability of the 30 Air Depot Wing to perform its mission (Case Report No. 1: Survey Inspection) Transfer of Royal Air Force Station Brize Norton, England from United States Air Forces in Europe to Strategic Air Command". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  20. "Reflex Wings". Strategic Air Command. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  21. "2 Munitions Sq (AFGSC)". Air Force Historic Research Agency. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  22. March 1982a, pp. 272–273
  23. March 1982a, p. 273, March 1982b, p. 320
  24. "VC10s and Belfasts to be Based at Brize". Flight International. Reed Business Information: 1043. 18 June 1964 via Flight Global Archive.
  25. March 1982a, p. 273
  26. Jefford 1988, p. 27
  27. Jefford 1988, p. 42
  28. March 1982b, p. 320
  29. Jefford 1988, p. 53.
  30. Jefford 1988, p. 95.
  31. Jefford 1988, p. 57.
  32. Jefford 1988, p. 54.
  33. Dancey, Peter G. (2014). British Aircraft Manufacturers Since 1909. Fonthill Media. ISBN 978-1781552292.
  34. Jefford 1988, p. 71.
  35. Frawley 2002, p. 44.
  36. "First RAF C-17 Arrives at Its New Home". Ministry of Defence. 23 May 2001. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  37. "10 Squadron". RAF Museum. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  38. "Activists lay down on runway". War Resister's International. 1 March 2003. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  39. "Rowdy teens break peace at Brize camp". Oxford Mail. 30 April 2005. Archived from the original on 15 May 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  40. "RAF Brize Norton blockaded". UK Indymedia. 12 August 2006. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  41. Gillan, Audrey (25 February 2010). "How Wootton Bassett became the town that cried". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  42. Morris, Steven (8 September 2011). "RAF Brize Norton expects 2,000 people as military repatriations return". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  43. "RAF Brize Norton ceremony marks Lyneham transfer". BBC News. 1 September 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  44. "Brize Norton continues its evolution into main RAF hub". Ministry of Defence. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  45. Heath, Ashley (31 August 2010). "RAF Lyneham Closure Plan". BBC. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  46. "RAF Lyneham relocates to Brize Norton". BBC News. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  47. "RAF Brize Norton - Programme Future Brize". Royal Air Force. 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  48. "New Stn Chapel and Chaplaincy Centre". RAF Brize Norton. 28 January 2011. Archived from the original on 11 April 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  49. "Housing shortages at Brize Norton caused by funding constraints". BBC News. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  50. "New hangar opens for tanker aircraft at RAF Brize Norton". BBC News. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  51. Mooney, Tom (1 July 2011). "Mixed emotions as Hercules leave RAF Lyneham". Gazette & Herald. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  52. "Work starts on medical support facilities at Oxfordshire air base". Cision. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  53. "DIO opens RAF Brize Norton Tactical Medical Wing facilities - Government Opportunities". Government Opportunities. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  54. "Project Hadron Successfully Completed" (PDF). 51º North. Issue 7 – 2017: 15.
  55. "Atlas aircraft hangar opened by Defence Minister". Royal Air Force. 1 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  56. Cooper, Tim (25 September 2018). "RAF Regiment Squadron Receives New Standard". Forces Network. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  57. "Royal Guest Helps 30 Squadron Mark Its Reformation". Forces Network. 28 September 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  58. "RAF Voyager No13 arrives at RAF Brize Norton". Airports International. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  59. "RMS St Helena Brochure" (PDF). AW Ship Management. p. 18. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  60. "RAF Flights Fly with the RAF and meet the RMS en route". AW Ship Management. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  61. "RAF Hercules arrives in Barbados from UK". UK Defence Journal. 12 September 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  62. Organisation of Joint Air Delivery Test and Evaluation Unit Archived 17 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  63. "No.1 Parachute Training School RAF Brize Norton Freefall Progressions". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  64. "Our Aircraft". RAF Brize Norton Flying Club. Retrieved 5 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  65. "Defence School of Logistics". British Army. Retrieved 5 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  66. Lake, Alan (1999). Flying units of the RAF : the ancestry, formation and disbandment of all flying units from 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife. p. 144. ISBN 1-84037-086-6.
  67. "216 Squadron". Royal Air Force. Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  68. "RAF Brize Norton". RAF Heraldry Trust. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  69. Rust, Stuart (15 October 2017). "80 years of RAF Brize Norton celebrated with sculpture". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  70. Archer, Megan (21 April 2016). "RAF Brize Norton honoured to receive Freedom of the Town of Carterton". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  71. "RAF Brize Norton granted freedom of Exeter". BBC News. 21 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  72. Henderson, Guy (15 September 2018). "RAF's biggest base to get the Freedom of Torbay". Devon Live. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  73. "Royal Air Force Brize Norton". Forces Publishing. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  74. "Behind the scenes at RAF Brize Norton". GOV.UK. Ministry of Defence. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2018.


На других языках

[de] RAF Brize Norton

Die Royal Air Force Station Brize Norton, kurz RAF Brize Norton, ist die größte Luftwaffenbasis der britischen Royal Air Force. Sie liegt in der englischen Grafschaft Oxfordshire, etwa 25 Kilometer westlich von Oxford.
- [en] RAF Brize Norton

[fr] RAF Brize Norton

La Royal Air Force Brize Norton (RAF Brize Norton) dans le Oxfordshire, à environ 121 km au nord-ouest de Londres, est la plus grande base de la Royal Air Force[1]. Elle est proche des villages de Brize Norton (en), Carterton et Witney.

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