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USS Cabot (CVL-28/AVT-3) was an Independence-class light aircraft carrier in the United States Navy, the second ship to carry the name, after the explorer John Cabot. Cabot was commissioned in 1943 and served until 1947. She was recommissioned as a training carrier from 1948 to 1955. From 1967 to 1989, she served in Spain as Dédalo. After attempts to preserve her failed, she was scrapped in 2002.

USS Cabot (July 1945)
United States
BuilderNew York Shipbuilding Corporation
Laid down16 March 1942
Launched4 April 1943
Sponsored byMrs. A. C. Read
Commissioned24 July 1943
Decommissioned11 February 1947
Recommissioned27 October 1948
Decommissioned21 January 1955
Stricken1 August 1972
IdentificationHull number: CVL-28
  • Loaned to Spanish Navy 30 August 1967[1]
  • Served as Dédalo 1967–1989
  • Sold to Spain 1972
  • Stricken by Spanish Navy 1989
  • Scrapped 2002
General characteristics
Class and typeIndependence-class aircraft carrier
Displacement11,000 tons (standard)
Length622.5 ft (189.7 m)
  • 71.5 ft (21.8 m) (waterline)
  • 109 ft 2 in (33.27 m) (overall)
Draft26 ft (7.9 m)
Speed32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Complement1,569 officers and men
Armament26 × Bofors 40 mm guns
Aircraft carried35 aircraft
USS Cabot
Formerly listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Former U.S. National Historic Landmark
LocationNew Orleans, Louisiana (1990–1997)
Brownsville, Texas (1997–2001)
NRHP reference No.90000334[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP21 June 1990
Designated NHL21 June 1990
Removed from NRHP7 August 2001
Delisted NHL7 August 2001

USS Cabot was laid down as Wilmington (CL-79), a Cleveland-class light cruiser, redesignated CV-28 on 2 June 1942, renamed Cabot on 23 June 1942 and converted while building. She was launched on 4 April 1943 by New York Shipbuilding Company, Camden, New Jersey; sponsored by Mrs. A. C. Read. She was reclassified CVL-28 on 15 July 1943 and commissioned on 24 July 1943, with Captain Malcolm Francis Schoeffel in command.

Service history

United States

World War II (1943-1945)

Cabot sailed from Naval Air Station Quonset Point, Rhode Island with Air Group 31 aboard, on 8 November 1943 for Pearl Harbor, where she arrived on 2 December. Clearing for Majuro on 15 January 1944, she joined TF 58 to begin the consistently high quality of war service which was to earn her a Presidential Unit Citation. From 4 February to 4 March 1944, she launched her planes in strikes on Roi, Namur, and the island stronghold of Truk, aiding in the neutralization of these Japanese bases as her part in the invasion of the Marshalls.

Cabot returned to Pearl Harbor for a brief repair period, but was back in action from Majuro for the pounding raids on the Palaus, Yap, Ulithi, and Woleai at the close of March 1944. She sailed to provide valuable air cover for the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) operation from 22 to 25 April, and 4 days later began to hurl her air power at Truk, Satawan, and Ponape. She cleared Majuro again on 6 June for the preinvasion air strikes in the Mariana Islands, and on 19 and 20 June launched sorties in the key Battle of the Philippine Sea, the famous "Marianas Turkey Shoot", which hopelessly crippled Japanese naval aviation. Cabot's air group 31 pounded Japanese bases on Iwo Jima, Pagan, Rota, Guam, Yap and Ulithi as the carrier continued her support of the Marianas operation until 9 August.

Preinvasion strikes in the Palaus in September 1944 along with air attacks on Mindanao, the Visayas, and Luzon paved the way for the long-awaited return to the Philippines. On 6 October, Air Group 29 relieved Air Group 31, and Cabot sailed from Ulithi for raids on Okinawa to provide air cover for her task group during the heavy enemy attacks off Formosa on 12 and 13 October. Cabot joined the group which screened "Cripple Division 1", Canberra and Houston which had been torpedoed off Formosa, to the safety of the Carolines, then rejoined her group for continued air strikes on the Visayas, and the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 and 26 October.

Cabot remained on patrol off Luzon, conducting strikes in support of operations ashore, and repelling desperate kamikaze attacks. On 25 November, a particularly vicious one occurred. Cabot had fought off several kamikazes when one, already flaming from hits, crashed the flight deck on the port side, destroying the still-firing 20 mm gun platform, disabling the 40 mm Mounts and a gun director: Another of Cabot's victims crashed close aboard and showered the port side with shrapnel and burning debris. 62 men were killed or wounded but careful training had produced a crew which handled damage control smoothly and coolly. While she continued to maintain her station in formation and operate effectively, temporary repairs were made. On 28 November, she arrived at Ulithi for permanent repairs.

Cabot returned to action on 11 December 1944, steaming with the force striking Luzon, Formosa, Indo-China, Hong Kong, and the Nansei Shoto in support of the Luzon operations during the South China Sea raid. From 10 February to 1 March 1945, her planes pounded the Japanese homeland and the Bonins to suppress opposition to the invasion of Iwo Jima. Continued strikes against Kyūshū and Okinawa in March prepared for the invasion of the latter island. After these prolonged, intensive operations, Cabot was homeward bound for San Francisco for a much-needed overhaul completed in June.

After refresher training at Pearl Harbor with Air Group 32 aboard, the carrier launched strikes on Wake Island on 1 August while en route to Eniwetok. Here she remained on training duty until the end of the war. Sailing on 21 August, she joined TG 38.3 to support the landings of occupation troops in the Yellow Sea area in September and October. Embarking homeward-bound men at Guam, Cabot arrived at San Diego on 9 November, then sailed for the east coast. Cabot was placed out of commission in reserve at Philadelphia on 11 February 1947.[3]

Post-War (1948-1955)

Cabot as a training carrier in 1949.
Cabot as a training carrier in 1949.

Recommissioned 27 October 1948, Cabot was assigned to the Naval Air Reserve training program. She operated out of Pensacola as a training carrier qualifying carrier-based pilots before being relieved in that role by Monterey in 1951.[4] Later, she was reassigned to Quonset Point, on cruises to the Caribbean, and had one tour of duty in European waters from 9 January to 26 March 1952. Cabot was again placed out of commission in the reserve fleet at the Philadelphia Naval Yard on 21 January 1955. She was reclassified AVT-3 on 15 May 1959.[3]

Spanish Navy


Spanish Navy AV-8S Matador flies over the aircraft carrier Dédalo in 1988
Spanish Navy AV-8S Matador flies over the aircraft carrier Dédalo in 1988

In 1967, after over twelve years in "mothballs", Cabot was loaned to Spain, in whose navy she served with the name of Dédalo and was equipped with the AV-8S Matador. The loan was converted to a sale and USS Cabot was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 August 1972. Dédalo was stricken from the Spanish Navy in August 1989 and given to a private organization in the U.S. for conversion to a museum ship.

Preservation attempts (1990–2002)

Cabot in New Orleans in 1995.
Cabot in New Orleans in 1995.

Cabot was designated as a National Historic Landmark on 29 June 1990.[5] The ship spent most of the 1990s berthed in New Orleans. The private groups attempting to preserve her as a memorial were unable to pay creditors, and on 10 September 1999 the ship was auctioned off by the U.S. Marshals Service to Sabe Marine Salvage of Brownsville, Texas. Its designation as a National Historic Landmark was withdrawn on 7 August 2001. Scrapping of the hulk was completed in 2002.

Stern plate of the USS Cabot (CVL-28).
Stern plate of the USS Cabot (CVL-28).

Her island and stern plate, along with the island of USS Iwo Jima, were obtained for preservation by the Texas Air Museum, at Rio Hondo, Texas.[6] However, that museum subsequently closed, and Cabot's island was demolished.[7] Cabot's stern plate is on display at the Texas Air Museum, at Slaton, Texas.[8] The National Museum of Naval Aviation at NAS Pensacola constructed a replica of Cabot's island using original plans, along with a reconstructed section of flight deck.[9]

The USS Lexington aircraft museum in Corpus Christi, Texas, has a large collection of items from Cabot, including all the guns and the anchor. A museum room contains information, artifacts, and pictures of Cabot.



  1. Gardiner, Robert, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1982, Part One: The Western Powers, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1983, ISBN 0-87021-918-9, p. 111.
  2. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 9 July 2010.
  3. "Cabot II (CVL-28)".
  4. "Pensacola's Flattops". National Naval Aviation Museum. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  5. Withdrawal of U.S.S. Cabot: National Historic Landmarks Program (NHL)
  6. Dirk H.R. Spennemann (2005) The naval heritage of the US space programme: A case of losses, Journal for Maritime Research, 7:1, p. 180, DOI: 10.1080/21533369.2005.9668350
  7. "USS CABOT LAST DAY STANDING". YouTube. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  8. https://thetexasairmuseum.org/exhibits/
  9. "Item – National Naval Aviation Museum". National Naval Aviation Museum. Retrieved 28 March 2018.

Further reading

На других языках

[de] USS Cabot (CVL-28)

Die USS Cabot (CVL-28) war ein US-amerikanischer leichter Flugzeugträger. Es war das siebte Schiff der Independence-Klasse, das durch Umbauten von vorhandenen Kreuzerrümpfen der Cleveland-Klasse entstand. Das Schiff versah seinen Dienst auf dem pazifischen Kriegsschauplatz des Zweiten Weltkrieges von 1944 bis 1945. Von 1948 bis 1955 diente es als Trainings-Flugzeugträger der United States Navy. Danach war es Teil der Reserveflotte. Von 1967 bis 1989 wurde es von der spanischen Kriegsmarine Armada Española als Dédalo (R01) eingesetzt. Bis 1976 nutzte die spanische Marine das Schiff nur als Hubschrauberträger. Ab 1976 waren auch AV-8S Matadors auf dem Schiff stationiert. Nach Abgabe an den US-Verein Cabot-Dedalo Museum Foundation gab es von 1990 bis 2001 Versuche, das Schiff in den USA als Museumsschiff zu erhalten. 2002 wurde das Schiff dann verschrottet.
- [en] USS Cabot (CVL-28)

[fr] USS Cabot (CVL-28)

L'USS Cabot (CVL-28) était un porte-avions de la marine des États-Unis. Il fut actif entre 1943 et 1947 avant de servir pour l'entraînement et d'être utilisé par l'Espagne sous le nom de Dédalo.

[it] USS Cabot (CVL-28)

La USS Cabot fu una portaerei leggera della classe Independence, in servizio con la United States Navy

[ru] USS Cabot (CVL-28)

«Кэбот» (англ. Cabot), CVL-28 — лёгкий авианосец типа «Индепенденс», состоявший на вооружении ВМС США. Был заложен как лёгкий крейсер «Уилмингтон» (англ. Wilmington) типа «Кливленд» в 1942 году, перезаказан и достроен как авианосец в 1942—1943 годах. Активно использовался с января 1944 года в боях на Тихом океане в ходе Второй мировой войны, приняв участие во многих важных сражениях. В 1947 году, как и большинство авианосцев США, выведен в резерв. Вновь введён в строй в 1948 году, но уже в качестве учебного авианосца, поскольку размеры корабля были уже недостаточными для операций с новыми реактивными самолётами, а с 1955 года вновь поставлен в резерв. В 1965—1967 годах «Кэбот» прошёл ремонт и модернизацию, после чего был передан в аренду ВМС Испании под названием «Дедало» (исп. Dedalo) и номером R 01. В 1972 году был полностью выкуплен Испанией и оставался на вооружении её флота на протяжении ещё полутора десятилетий. С вводом в состав испанского флота нового авианосца «Принсипе де Астуриас» в 1989 году, «Дедало» был снят с вооружения и передан США, планировавшим превратить его в плавучий музей, но в итоге эти планы осуществлены не были и в 2000 году авианосец был продан на слом.

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