avia.wikisort.org - Airline

Search / Calendar

Vayudoot (Hindi: वायुदूत, romanized: Vāyudūt, lit.'messenger who rides on the wind') was a regional airline in India established on 20 January 1981 as a joint-venture between the two state-owned carriers, Indian Airlines and Air India.[1] The airline was headquartered at New Delhi's Safdarjung Airport. The airline was originally conceived to serve the Northeastern region of India.[2][3] The regional hub for the Northeast Region was Calcutta (Kolkata), and the airline built up operations to close to 30 destinations in this challenging area. Many of the airfields saw the resumption civil flights and fixed-wing aircraft after a gap of many decades.

IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded20 January 1981
Ceased operations1 April 1997
Fleet size21 passenger aircraft
16 agricultural aircraft
DestinationsNortheastern India
Parent companyIndian Airlines
Air India
HeadquartersSafdarjung Airport, New Delhi

The airline consistently lost money since its formation due to low occupancy. The government, struggling to find a solution to Vayudoot's continuing financial problems, considered both closure and privatisation as options as the carrier's route and fleet structure made the operation unprofitable.[4]


In the late 1970s, the Indian government and its two airlines became aware of the increasing number of potential air travellers in many small towns around the nation. Vayudoot was started to expand India's domestic air transport network on a very large scale, with a completely new network designed to feed Indian Airlines' network at state capitals and other big cities. Hence, all Vayudoot destinations (apart from its hubs) were completely new, not covered by existing Indian Airlines services.[5]

Vayudoot Dornier 228
Vayudoot Dornier 228

Vayudoot began operations on January 26, 1981, India's Republic Day, in the remote north-east of the country, linking towns in states such as Assam, Manipur and Tripura. A journey such as one from Lilabari (North Lakhimpur) in Assam state to Ziro in the neighbouring state of Arunachal Pradesh could take a few days during inclement weather, braving hazards such as avalanches in the hills and flooding in lower lying areas. The flight, on the other hand was as short as 12 minutes, though weather could cause disruptions because this was flying where visual contact had to be maintained with the ground/terrain in the absence of reliable aids for navigation. The weather caused poor visibility on account of heavy rains and low clouds and/or fog and could at times result in waterlogged runways. Many runways were unpaved strips, and facilities at these airports were very limited.

Its first aircraft were two F27s leased from Indian Airlines and linked 20 destinations. To keep costs low, Vayudoot did not serve in-flight meals and contracted out its ground handling services to local agents at all smaller destinations. Vayudoot supplied basic ground-handling equipment to the agents and trained their staff.[5] Vayudoot started with retired flight crew of Indian Airlines to fly the HS-748 and F27 aircraft. As Dornier 228 were bought or leased, new pilots were recruited. The same held for the core engineering team, which comprised almost all of ex-Indian Airlines engineers.

Vayudoot Fokker F27-100
Vayudoot Fokker F27-100

Vayudoot became a public company in February 1983, owned jointly by Indian Airlines and Air India. At this time, its load factors were less than 50 per cent.[2] Vayudoot's first Dornier 228 began service in 1985 on the Delhi-Raebareli-Lucknow route. A total of ten Dornier 228s were ordered by Vayudoot.[6]

Subsequently, the services of Vayudoot were extended to other regions, charting 100 stations in the country earning the sobriquet "worlds fastest growing airline". Vayudoot quickly established hubs at Bombay (now Mumbai), Delhi, Madras (now Chennai), and Hyderabad. Sub-bases were, at some points of time, established at Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh and Guwahati in Assam. The lack of adequate traffic to sustain operations on all these routes adversely affected the company's financial performance. After a review, the number of stations on the operational network was brought down to 48 on 31 March 1991. Vayudoot was then focused on consolidating its operations and rationalising its fare structure rather than embark on large-scale expansion of its network. Its operations were again primarily restricted to the Northeastern region and other inaccessible areas.[3]

Vayudoot also operated an Agro Aviation Division which was involved in aerial spraying operations, seeding and afforestation operations.

Vayudoot's financial performance continued to deteriorate which finally led to the dissolution of the company and merger of its assets into Indian Airlines in 1993.[4] On 1 April 1997 its flight operations were transferred to Alliance Air, which is a newly formed subsidiary of Indian Airlines since 1996 and its employees were absorbed into Indian Airlines and Air India.

Night Air Mail Service

In 1985, Vayudoot started operating the Inland Night Air Mail Service (NAMS), a domestic overnight airmail service for the Indian Postal Service.[7] The facility of this Vayudoot airmail service was also extended to a private courier. Every night, flights from the major metropolitan cities of India converged upon Nagpur Airport in the centre of the country. Usually the routes were:

Despite a successful run of over a year, the service was discontinued because of demanding nature of the operation. The unpressurized Dornier 228 was limited to an altitude of 10,000 ft. The aircraft was dependent on ground-based en route navigational facilities and these were few and far between on many of the legs. Flying exclusively at night and negotiating violent storms called Kal baisakhi, followed by the Monsoon and in the absence of Radio navigation aids it became advisable to discontinue the operation.

Vayudoot Crew Wings
Vayudoot Crew Wings

During the early 1990s, Vayudoot used leased aircraft from Royal Nepal Airlines and Ariana Afghan Airlines to run night metro flights between New Delhi, Bombay and Bangalore. Aircraft such as the Boeing 757 and Boeing 727 were used.


Vayudoot flew to over 100 destinations during its existence.

All Vayudoot Destinations Served
All Vayudoot Destinations Served


The airline had four safety incidents during its operational history, including two crashes which resulted in a total of 45 fatalities.[8]


Vayudoot Dornier 228-201
Vayudoot Dornier 228-201

As of March 1991, Vayudoot's passenger services had a total fleet of 23 aircraft.

Its Agro Aviation Division had a fleet of one helicopter and sixteen aircraft.[3]


  1. "World Airline Directory". Flight Global. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
  2. "Vayudoot's bitter pill". Flight Global. 22 April 1989. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  3. "Eighth Five Year Plan 1992–97, Vol-II". Department of Education, Government of India. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
  4. "Vayudoot and Indian to merge". Flight Global. 1 June 1993. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  5. "Vayudoot: the mystery clears". Flight Global. 8 January 1983. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  6. "News Scan". Flight Global. 12 January 1985. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  7. "Night Air Mail Service". Stamps of India. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
  8. "Vayudoot". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2011-07-27.

На других языках

- [en] Vayudoot

[es] Vayudoot

Vayudoot fue una aerolínea regional cuyo dueño era el gobierno de India.[1] Se fundó en enero de 1981 y su sede se ubicaba en el aeropuerto de Safdarjung en Delhi.[2][3][4]

Текст в блоке "Читать" взят с сайта "Википедия" и доступен по лицензии Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike; в отдельных случаях могут действовать дополнительные условия.

Другой контент может иметь иную лицензию. Перед использованием материалов сайта WikiSort.org внимательно изучите правила лицензирования конкретных элементов наполнения сайта.

WikiSort.org - проект по пересортировке и дополнению контента Википедии