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This is a list of aviation-related events from 1985. It remains one of the deadliest years in aviation history for aviation disasters, including the crash of Japan Airlines Flight 123 (520 people killed), bombing of Air India Flight 182 (329), crash of Arrow Air Flight 1285 (256), crash of Aeroflot Flight 7425 (200), crash of Iberia Airlines Flight 610 (148), Delta Air Lines Flight 191 (137), Galaxy Airlines Flight 203 (70), and British Airtours Flight 28M (55), a mid-air collision between Aeroflot Flight 8381 and a Soviet Air Forces transport aircraft (94), the hijacking of Egyptair Flight 648 (60), and various crashes and other incidents with under 50 fatalities. August 1985 remains the worst single month for commercial aviation fatalities in history; a total of 2,010 people were killed in commercial aviation accidents in 1985; the second highest in commercial aviation history since 1942; only 1972 had more fatalities (2,373).[1]

Years in aviation: 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
Years: 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988

Events



January



February



March



April



May



June



July



August


August 1985 remains commercial aviation's deadliest month for passengers and crew (a distinction from the non-passenger fatalities of the September 11, 2001 attacks) in history.


September



October



November



December



First flights



February



March



July



August



September



October



December



Entered service



June



December



References


  1. "Infographic: People killed in commercial plane crashes since 1942".
  2. Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 217.
  3. "38 killed in crash at airport". The News and Courier. January 21, 1985. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
  4. TWA History Timeline Archived April 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  5. globalsecurity.org ETOPS: Extended Range Operation with Two-Engine Airplanes
  6. "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
  7. planecrashinfo.com Famous People Who Died in Aviation Accidents: 1980s
  8. Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 206.
  9. Cordesman and Wagner, p. 521.
  10. Cordesman and Wagner, p. 202.
  11. Cordesman and Wagner, p. 203.
  12. Canada. Parliament. House of Commons. Standing Committee on External Affairs and International Trade (1984). Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence of the Standing Committee on External Affairs and International Trade. Queen's Printer = Imprimeur de la reine. p. 4.
  13. Cordesman and Wagner, p. 205.
  14. Polmar, Norman, "Stars of David and Red Stars," Naval History, February 2013, p. 12.
  15. Polmar, Norman, "Stars of David and Red Stars," Naval History, February 2013, p. 13.
  16. Account of incident from USA Today.
  17. Stevens, William K. (May 14, 1983). "Police Drop Bomb on Radicals' Home in Philadelphia". New York Times. Archived from the original on June 12, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  18. Frank Trippett (May 27, 1985). "It Looks Just Like a War Zone". TIME magazine. Archived from the original on December 3, 2007. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
  19. Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 209.
  20. Revista cubana de derecho (in Spanish). Instituto Cubano del Libro. 1989. p. 216.
  21. Robert Gearty (September 21, 2019), "Greek police arrest suspect in 1985 TWA Flight 847 hijacking", Fox News, retrieved September 21, 2019
  22. Tjomsland, Audun & Wilsberg, Kjell (1996). Braathens SAFE 50 år: Mot alle odds. Oslo. p. 279. ISBN 82-990400-1-9.
  23. United States. President's Commission on Aviation Security and Terrorism (1990). Report to the President. The Commission. p. 168.
  24. Roach, Kent (2011). "The Air India Report and the Regulation of Charities and Terrorism Financing". The University of Toronto Law Journal. 61 (1): 46. doi:10.3138/utlj.61.1.045. JSTOR 23018688.
  25. Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 211.
  26. Grier, Peter, "The Flying Tomato Can," Air Force Magazine, February 2009.
  27. Dr. Raymond L. Puffer, The Death of a Satellite, , Retrieved on November 3, 2007.
  28. Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 211–212.
  29. Gardiner, Robert, Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1982, Part One: The Western Powers, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1983, ISBN 0-87021-918-9, p. 66.
  30. Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 212.
  31. "Passengers, Crew in Soviet Hijacking All Safe". Los Angeles Times. December 26, 1985. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  32. Anonymous, "Today in History," The Washington Post Express, December 27, 2012, p. 22.
  33. Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 211, 212.
  34. Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 279.
  35. Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 339.
  36. Taylor 1986, pp. 202–203
  37. Taylor 1986, p. 278
  38. Taylor 1986, p. [67]
  39. "T-46A is flown". Flight International October 26, 1985, p. 8.
  40. Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 23.

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