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Antonov State Enterprise (Ukrainian: Державне підприємство «Антонов»), formerly the Aeronautical Scientific-Technical Complex named after Antonov (Antonov ASTC) (Ukrainian: Авіаційний науково-технічний комплекс імені Антонова, [АНТК ім. Антонова]), and earlier the Antonov Design Bureau, for its chief designer, Oleg Antonov, is a Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing and services company. Antonov's particular expertise is in the fields of very large aeroplanes and aeroplanes using unprepared runways. Antonov (model prefix "An-") has built a total of approximately 22,000 aircraft, and thousands of its planes are operating in the former Soviet Union and in developing countries.[2]

Antonov State Enterprise
Native name
Державне підприємство «Антонов»
TypeState-owned company
IndustryAerospace and defence
Founded31 May 1946; 76 years ago (1946-05-31)
FounderOleg Antonov
Key people
Oleksandr Donets (president of the enterprise)[1]
  • Aircraft for various applications
  • Aircraft maintenance
  • Cargo air transport
Total assets ₴13.8 bn (2020)
Total equity ₴9.0 bn (2020)
Number of employees
13,700 (2014)

Antonov StC is a state-owned commercial company. Its headquarters and main industrial grounds were originally located in Novosibirsk, and in 1952 were transferred to Kyiv.[3] On 12 May 2015 it was transferred from the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade to the Ukroboronprom (Ukrainian Defense Industry).[4]

In June 2016, Ukraine's major state-owned arms manufacturer Ukroboronprom announced the creation of the Ukrainian Aircraft Corporation within its structure, to combine all aircraft manufacturing enterprises in Ukraine.


Soviet era

Antonov An-2, mass-produced Soviet utility aeroplane.
Antonov An-2, mass-produced Soviet utility aeroplane.

Foundation and relocation

The company was established in 1946 at the Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association as the top-secret Soviet Research and Design Bureau No. 153 (OKB-153). It was headed by Oleg Antonov and specialised in turboprop military transport aircraft. The task was to create an agricultural aircraft CX-1 (An-2), the first flight of which occurred on August 31, 1947. The An-2 biplane was a major achievement of this period, with hundreds of these aircraft still operating as of 2013.[5] In addition to this biplane and its modifications, a small series of gliders A-9 and A-10 were created and built in the pilot production in Novosibirsk. In 1952, the Bureau was relocated to Kyiv, a city with a rich aviation history and an aircraft-manufacturing infrastructure restored after the destruction caused by World War II.

First serial aircraft and expansion

An-12, Cold War-era tactical transport, in flight
An-12, Cold War-era tactical transport, in flight
47-year-old An-12 still in operational condition in 2011
47-year-old An-12 still in operational condition in 2011

The 1957 introduction of the An-10/An-12 family of mid-range turboprop aeroplanes began the successful production of thousands of these aircraft. Their use for both heavy combat and civilian purposes around the globe continues to the present; the An-10/An-12 were used most notably in the Vietnam War, the Soviet–Afghan War and the Chernobyl disaster relief megaoperation.

In 1959, the bureau began construction of the separate Flight Testing and Improvement Base in suburban Hostomel (now the Antonov Airport).

In 1965, the Antonov An-22 heavy military transport entered serial production to supplement the An-12 in major military and humanitarian airlifts by the Soviet Union. The model became the first Soviet wide-body aircraft, and it remains the world's largest turboprop-powered aircraft. Antonov designed and presented a nuclear-powered version of the An-22. It was never flight tested.

In 1966, after the major expansion in the Sviatoshyn neighbourhood of the city, the company was renamed to another disguise name: "Kyiv Mechanical Plant". Two independent aircraft production and repair facilities, under engineering-supervision of the Antonov Bureau, also appeared in Kyiv during this period.

Prominence and Antonov's retirement

Antonov An-24, the Soviet Union's most common regional airliner
Antonov An-24, the Soviet Union's most common regional airliner

In the 1970s and early 1980s, the company established itself as the Soviet Union's main designer of military transport aircraft with dozens of new modifications in development and production. After Oleg Antonov's death in 1984, the company was officially renamed as the Research and Design Bureau named after O.K. Antonov (Russian: Опытно-конструкторское бюро имени О.К. Антонова) while continuing the use of "Kyiv Mechanical Plant" alias for some purposes.

Late Soviet-era: superlarge projects and first commercialisation

An-225 was the largest operative aircraft in the world.
An-225 was the largest operative aircraft in the world.

In the late 1980s, the Antonov Bureau achieved global prominence after the introduction of its extra large aeroplanes. The An-124 "Ruslan" (1982) became the Soviet Union's mass-produced strategic airlifter under the leadership of Chief Designer Viktor Tolmachev.[citation needed] The Bureau enlarged the "Ruslan" design even more for the Soviet spaceplane programme logistics, creating the An-225 "Mriya" in 1985. "Mriya" was the world's largest and heaviest aeroplane.

The end of the Cold War and perestroika allowed the Antonov company's first step to commercialisation and foreign expansion. In 1989, the Antonov Airlines subsidiary was created for its own aircraft maintenance and cargo projects.

Independent Ukraine

Antonov Design Bureau remained a state-owned company after Ukraine achieved its independence in 1991 and is since regarded as a strategic national asset.

Expansion to free market

Rollout of the first serially-produced An-148 at Antonov's hangar in Kyiv, 2009. An An-124 under maintenance seen in the far corner of the hangar.
Rollout of the first serially-produced An-148 at Antonov's hangar in Kyiv, 2009. An An-124 under maintenance seen in the far corner of the hangar.

Since independence, Antonov has certified and marketed both Soviet-era and newly developed models for sale in new markets outside of the former soviet-sphere of influence. New models introduced to serial production and delivered to customers include the Antonov An-140, Antonov An-148 and Antonov An-158 regional airliners.

Among several modernisation projects, Antonov received orders for upgrading "hundreds" of its legendary An-2 utility planes still in operation in Azerbaijan, Cuba and Russia to the An-2-100 upgrade version.[5]

In 2014, following the annexation of the Crimea by Russia, Ukraine cancelled contracts with Russia, leading to a significant income reduction in Ukraine's defense and aviation industries.[6] However Ukraine has been slowly recovering the deficit from breaking ties with Russia by entering new markets such as the Arab gulf states[7][8] and expanding its presence in old ones such as India.[9][10][11][12][13]

In July 2018, Antonov was able to secure a deal with Boeing in order to procure airplane parts which were no longer available due to breakdown of relations with Russia.[14]

Production facilities' consolidation

During the Soviet period, not all Antonov-designed aircraft were manufactured by the company itself. This was a result of Soviet industrial strategy that split military production between different regions of the Soviet Union to minimise potential war loss risks. As a result, Antonov aeroplanes were often assembled by the specialist contract manufacturers.

In 2009, the once-independent "Aviant" aeroplane-assembling plant in Kyiv became part of Antonov, facilitating a full serial manufacturing cycle of the company. However, the old tradition of co-manufacturing with contractors is continued, both with Soviet-time partners and with new licensees like Iran's Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company.[15]

In 2014, the Antonov produced and delivered only two An-158 airplanes.[16] This trend continued onto 2015, producing one An-148 and one An-158.[17] Since 2016, no aircraft have been produced or delivered to clients.[18]

Antonov/Taqnia An-132 roll out ceremony in Kyiv, 20 December 2016
Antonov/Taqnia An-132 roll out ceremony in Kyiv, 20 December 2016

In June 2016, Ukraine's major state-owned arms manufacturer Ukroboronprom announced the creation of the Ukrainian Aircraft Corporation within its structure, thereby combining all aircraft manufacturing enterprises, including the assets of Antonov into a single cluster, according to Ukroboronprom's press service.[19]

On 19 July 2017, the Ukrainian government approved the liquidation of Antonov's assets.[20][21] The State Concern "Antonov" (a business group, created in 2005 from the merger of several legally independent companies into a single economic entity under unified management) will be liquidated as a residual corporate entity. Antonov State Company, Kharkiv State Aviation Manufacturing Enterprise and Plant No.410 of Civil Aviation were transferred under the management of another state-owned concern Ukroboronprom in 2015. Antonov State Company continues to function as an enterprise.[22]



Products and activities

LT-10 tram
LT-10 tram
Kyiv-12 trolley bus
Kyiv-12 trolley bus

Fields of commercial activity of Antonov ASTC include:

Major contractors and partners

Contract and licensee manufacturers

Chief designers


Antonov's primary activity has generally been in developing large military transport aircraft, including the world's largest airplanes, chiefly for the Russian Federation and its predecessor nations.[25][26]

Additionally, Antonov has produced airliners. It has also produced numerous variants of both transports and airliners, for operations ranging from air freight hauling to military reconnaissance, command and control operations.[25]

It has also developed various general aviation light aircraft, having originated as a producer of gliders.[25]

Transports, airliners and derivatives

Antonov's aeroplanes (design office prefix An) range from the rugged An-2 biplane through the An-28 reconnaissance aircraft to the massive An-124 Ruslan and An-225 Mriya strategic airlifters (the latter being the world's heaviest aircraft and was the only one in service).[25]

Whilst less famous, the An-24, An-26, An-30 and An-32 family of twin turboprop, high-winged, passenger-cargo-troop transport aircraft are important for domestic/short-haul air services particularly in parts of the world once led by communist governments. The An-72/An-74 series of small jetliners is slowly replacing that fleet, and a larger An-70 freighter is under certification.

The Antonov An-148 is a new regional airliner of twin-turbofan configuration. Over 150 aircraft have been ordered since 2007. A stretched version is in development, the An-158 (from 60–70 to 90–100 passengers).

Aircraft Name Maiden flight Remarks
A-40 Krylaty Tank 2 September 1942 Winged tank
An-2 Kukuruznik 31 August 1947 multi-purpose, biplane, single-engine utility transport.
An-2-100 Kukuruznik 10 July 2013 An-2 upgrade version refitted with Motor Sich kerosene-fueled engine (instead of original avgas).[5]
An-3 13 May 1980 turboprop conversion of An-2
An-4 31 July 1951 float-equipped An-2
An-6 Meteo 21 March 1948 weather reconnaissance aircraft based on An-2
An-8 11 February 1956 medium military transport
An-10 Ukraina 7 March 1957 medium turboprop-powered airliner
An-11 Motorised variant of the A-11 glider
An-12 16 December 1957 military turboprop-powered transport, developed from An-10
An-13 1962 Light aircraft developed from the A-13M motor glider
An-14 Pchelka 14 March 1958 light twin-engine transport
An-16 Cancelled projected stretched variant of An-10
An-20 Cancelled projected large turboprop transport; cancelled in favor of An-22
An-20 Cancelled trainer; competitor to the Yak-30 and L-29
An-22 Antei 27 February 1965 extremely large turboprop transport
An-24 20 October 1959 twin-turboprop airliner
An-26 21 May 1969 twin-turboprop transport, derived from An-24
An-28 1 September 1974 twin-turboprop light transport, developed from An-14
An-30 Cancelled Development of An-14A
An-30 21 August 1967 An-24 adapted for aerial photography and mapping
An-32 9 July 1976 twin-turboprop hot-and-high transport, up-engine An-26 airframe
An-34 4 September 1961 initial designation of An-24T
An-38 23 June 1994 twin-turboprop light transport, stretched An-28
An-40 Cancelled military transport developed from An-12
An-42 Cancelled version of An-40 with boundary layer control
An-44 Cancelled cargo aircraft project developed from An-24
An-50 Cancelled airliner project, developed from An-24V
An-51 Cancelled civil piston utility aircraft
An-52 Cancelled light twin-piston aircraft
An-60 postponed projected STOL military transport, utilizing the Coandă effect; later became the An-72/An-74
An-70 16 December 1994 large military transport, powered by four propfan engines, to replace An-12
An-71 12 July 1985 prototype naval AWACS development of An-72
An-72 Cheburashka 31 August 1977 STOL transport, utilizing the Coandă effect
An-74 Cheburashka 29 November 1983 civil version of An-72; version with engines below wings is called An-74TK-300[27]
An-77 Modernized version of An-70 with Western avionics and engines
An-80 Cancelled Projected airliner version of An-72/An-74
An-91 Cancelled Twin-engine cabin monoplane development of Cessna 310
An-102 light agricultural aircraft
An-122 Cancelled further development of An-22
An-124 Ruslan 26 December 1982 strategic airlifter; largest aircraft ever mass-produced
An-126 Cancelled heavy transport aircraft project
An-132 31 March 2017 transport aircraft based on An-32; cancelled in 2019
An-140 17 September 1997 short-range turboprop airliner, to replace An-24
An-148 17 December 2004 regional jet for 68–85 passengers
An-158 28 April 2010 stretched version of An-148 for 99 passengers
An-168 business variant of An-148; now called An-148-300
An-170 stretched An-70
An-174 Cancelled enlarged An-74 with engines below wings
An-178 7 May 2015 military transport based on the An-158
An-180 Cancelled medium propfan airliner, around 175 passengers
An-181 Handiwork experimental aircraft
An-188 transport aircraft project based on An-70
An-218 Cancelled propfan- or turbofan-powered widebody airliner
An-225 Mriya 21 December 1988 An-124 derived strategic airlifter; largest aircraft ever built; only one put into service. Destroyed in the Battle of Antonov Airport in February 2022.[28] A second aircraft remains 60-70% complete, but is intended to be finished as a replacement for the first aircraft and as a tribute to all Ukrainian pilots lost in the war.
An-248 Projected airliner version of An-225, to compete with the Airbus A380
An-318 Cancelled A planned trijet to compete with the DC-10 and L-1011 TriStar[29]
An-325 Cancelled Planned enlarged, eight-engine version of An-225, intended for launching rockets
An-418 Cancelled A planned airliner version of the An-124 that could compete with the Airbus A380[30]
An-714 20 October 1970 modification of An-14 with air cushion landing gear
An-Be-20 Cancelled Projected small trijet airliner to replace the Li-2, Il-12 and Il-14, developed in cooperation with Beriev. Cancelled in favor of the Yakovlev Yak-40, which was also in development at the time.
An-BK-1 Gorlitsa 8 November 2017 planned multipurpose UAV
DT-5/8 Cancelled projected large twin-engine transport
E-153 flying testbed for aircraft 'M'
GPS small twin-engine utility transport
OKA-38 Aist Copy of Fieseler Fi 156
Li-2V high-altitude research aircraft, converted from Lisunov Li-2
M Masha Cancelled projected jet fighter
N Cancelled projected twin turboprop airliner based on the An-8
P Cancelled projected twin jet engine transport based on the An-8
R Cancelled projected twin turboprop airliner based on the An-8
SKV Partizanskii Basis for An-14
T-2M Maverick ultralight trike for recreational club use and special forces requirements
VP Utka experimental air trailer (tow glider)
Yu Cancelled projected large turboprop transport


Antonov A-15 in Czech markings
Antonov A-15 in Czech markings
Aircraft Name Maiden flight Remarks
A-1 1930 single-seat training glider
A-2 1936 two-seat training glider derived from the A-1
A-3 Molodv
A-7 1942 military glider
A-9 1948 single-seat sailplane developed from the RF-7
A-10 1952 two-seat sailplane developed from the A-9
A-11 1958
A-13 1958
A-15 1960
BS-3 1934 training glider
BS-4 1935 training glider
BS-5 (OKA-31) 1936 training glider
DIP (OKA-14) Dognat i peregna 1932 record glider developed from OKA-6
LEM-2 (OKA-37) 1937 motor glider
M-1 1933
M-3 (OKA-24) 1934
M-4 (OKA-29)
M-5 (OKA-30) 1936
OKA-1 Golub 1924
OKA-2 1925
OKA-3 1928
OKA-5 Standard-2 1930
OKA-6 Gorod Lenina 1930
OKA-7 Bubik 1930
OKA-13 Chest Uslovii Stalina 1932
OKA-21 1933 training glider based on DIP
PS-1 (OKA-11) training glider
PS-2 (OKA-12) training glider
RF-1 (OKA-17) 1933
RF-2 (OKA-18) 1933
RF-3 (OKA-19) 1933
RF-4 (OKA-20) 1933
RF-5 (OKA-23) 1934
RF-6 (OKA-28)
RF-7 1937 sports glider
RF-8 1941 troop glider, enlarged RF-7; redesignated A-7
US-1 1931 training glider
US-2 1931 training glider
US-3 1932 training glider, first mass-produced Soviet glider
US-4 training glider, redesignated A-1
US-5 (OKA-32) 1936 training glider
US-6 training glider, redesignated A-2

See also


  1. Ukraine's Antonov to build up to 10 aircraft in five years Archived 8 January 2021 at the Wayback Machine, UNIAN (4 July 2018)
  2. "Information About the Company". antonov.com. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  3. "Contacts"Archived 21 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 5 February 2011.
  4. Cabinet of Ukraine gave Antonov to Ukroboronprom Archived 18 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Ukrinform. 12 May 2015
  5. Россия заказала у Антонова усовершенствованные кукурузники. Korrespondent (in Russian). 11 July 2013. Archived from the original on 14 August 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  6. Nicolai Petro (9 March 2016). "Why Ukraine needs Russia more than ever". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  7. "Arabian Aerospace - New Saudi-Ukrainian aircraft programme launched". www.arabianaerospace.aero. Archived from the original on 30 September 2018. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  8. "Ukraine Discusses Cooperation With UAE in Guided Weapons, UAVs". www.defenseworld.net. Archived from the original on 30 September 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  9. "Ukraine, U.S. winning Indian defense market over Russia - official". www.unian.info. Archived from the original on 8 January 2021. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  10. "Janes | Latest defence and security news". Janes.com. Archived from the original on 12 September 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  11. "Ukraine to Pitch for Repair, Components Supply of USSR Origin Aircraft in India". www.defenseworld.net. Archived from the original on 24 October 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  12. "Ukraine preparing for boosting defense cooperation with Africa in aircraft repair area | KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice". KyivPost. 25 September 2018. Archived from the original on 8 January 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  13. Bekdil, Burak Ege (27 July 2018). "Turkey, Ukraine advance An-188 co-production talks". Defense News. Retrieved 29 September 2018.[permanent dead link]
  14. Polityuk, Pavel (27 July 2018). "Ukraine plane maker turns West with Boeing tie-up". Reuters. Archived from the original on 13 February 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2021 via www.reuters.com.
  15. "ANTONOV history". www.antonov.com. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  16. "ГП "Антонов" подвел итоги 2014 года: Только два новых самолета". Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  17. "Андрей Хаустов: "Появился шанс, что вторая "Мрия" обретет свою жизнь в небе"". Archived from the original on 12 September 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  18. Зеленский хочет создать госавиакомпанию, летающую на украинских самолетах — Центр транспортных стратегий
  19. "UNIAN News. Latest news of Ukraine and world". uatoday.tv. Archived from the original on 18 November 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  20. "Cabinet of Ministers liquidates Concern Antonov - 25.07.2017 17:39 — Ukrinform News". Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  21. "The Cabinet of Ministers has decided to liquidate State Aircraft Manufacturing Concern Antonov". Ukrinform. 26 July 2017. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  22. "Following the recent announcement from the Government of Ukraine". antonov.com. Antonov State Company. Archived from the original on 27 February 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  23. Правительство задумалось о "Воздушном старте". Interfax (in Russian). 23 April 2013. Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  24. "Antonov Ground Transport". Archived from the original on 11 December 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2009.
  25. Guttman, Robert: "Antonov’s Heavy Hauler for Hire," July 27, 2018, HistoryNet, retrieved February 24, 2022
  26. Borys, Christian: "The world’s biggest plane may have a new mission," May 4, 2017, BBC Future, retrieved February 24, 2022
  27. "Aviation Photo Search". Airliners.net. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  28. Thomas, Geoffrey (28 February 2022). "AN-225 destroyed by Russian forces at Gostomel". Airline Ratings. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  29. "Antonov An-318". www.globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  30. "Antonov An-418". www.globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2019.

Further reading

На других языках

[de] Antonow

- [en] Antonov

[fr] Antonov (aéronautique)

Antonov est un bureau d'études et de construction aéronautique ukrainien (anciennement soviétique, en russe : Авиационный научно-технический комплекс им. О.К.Антонова, abrégé АНТК им. О.К.Антонова) fondé le 31 mai 1946 par Oleg Konstantinovitch Antonov[2], sous le nom de OKB-153.

[it] Antonov (azienda)

La Antonov (in inglese Antonov Aeronautical Scientific/Technical Complex; in ucraino: Авіаційний науково-технічний комплекс імені Антонова?, traslitterato: Aviacijnyj naukovo-techničnyj kompleks imeni Antonova)[1] è una ditta costruttrice di aeromobili con sede in Ucraina. Prima dell'indipendenza dell'Ucraina, è stata una delle principali ditte produttrici sovietiche di aerei da trasporto, e dalle sue fabbriche sono usciti alcuni tra i velivoli più grandi mai realizzati. La ditta prende il nome dal progettista Oleg Konstantinovič Antonov (in russo: Олег Константинович Антонов?), capo dell'OKB-153.

[ru] Антонов (компания)

ГП «Анто́нов» — советское, а затем украинское государственное предприятие, основной сферой деятельности которого являются грузовые авиаперевозки, а также разработка, производство и ремонт самолётов серии «Ан». Входит в состав государственного концерна «Укроборонпром». Основано как опытно-конструкторское бюро на Новосибирском авиазаводе под руководством О.К. Антонова, с 1952 года — в Киеве. Наиболее известные модели самолётов — лёгкий самолёт «Ан-2» («кукурузник»), пассажирский самолёт «Ан-24», тяжёлый транспортный самолёт «Ан-124» («Руслан»), самый большой самолёт в мире «Ан-225» («Мрия»).

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