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The Ilyushin Il-114 (Russian Илью́шин Ил-114) is a Russian twin-engine turboprop airliner, designed for local routes. Intended to replace the Antonov An-24, it first flew in 1990. A total of 20 Il-114s have been built.[4]

RADAR Il-114-100
Role Turboprop Regional airliner
National origin Soviet Union
Russia / Uzbekistan
Design group Ilyushin
Built by Initial: Tashkent Mechanical Plant
Resumption: Voronezh Aircraft Production Association jointly with Corporation MiG[1]
First flight 29 March 1990
Introduction August 1998 with Uzbekistan Airways[2][3]
Primary users Uzbekistan Airways (former)
Vyborg Airlines (former)
Produced 1992–2012; 2016–present
Number built 20
Il-114 of the Vyborg Airlines, 2007
Il-114 of the Vyborg Airlines, 2007
Il-114-100 at the MAKS Airshow in Moscow, 2007
Il-114-100 at the MAKS Airshow in Moscow, 2007

Production of the Il-114 was temporarily suspended in July 2012, with the sixth and last aircraft delivered to Uzbekistan Airlines on 24 May 2013. In 2016, the company stated that production would be restarted with all-Russian parts, with a new first flight in 2019 and the first aircraft in commercial service in 2021.[5][6] The decision to end production adheres to the Uzbek government's decision to convert the Tashkent factory to other production lines (namely structural units, household purpose products, spare parts for cars and agricultural equipment), despite Russian interest in keeping the production line and a reportedly high demand prospect for the aircraft. This has translated in an October 2013 announcement by a plant representative, that production is to be resumed after the factory solved financial matters and also due to the interest of a "Russian party".[7][8]

Design and development

In June 1986, the Ilyushin OKB began work on a replacement for the Antonov An-24, large numbers of which remained in service with Aeroflot. The Soviet Ministry of the Aviation Industry set down requirements for the An-24 replacement, including the ability to carry 60 passengers over a range of 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) at a speed of 500 kilometres per hour (310 mph), while using much less fuel than its predecessor and retaining the ability to operate out of poorly equipped airfields with unpaved runways.[9][10][11] Development of the new aircraft was expected to be relatively simple, with the first flight programmed to take place in 1989, with service entry in 1992.[10]

Ilyushin's design, the Il-114, is a low-wing, twin-turboprop monoplane, with an airframe constructed mainly of metal, with composite materials used for non-structural parts. The aircraft is powered by two Klimov TV7-117S turboprop engines, driving six-bladed propellers. The undercarriage is a retractable nosewheel undercarriage, while double-slotted trailing edge flaps are fitted to the wings.[12][13] Unlike previous Soviet airliners, which had a large flight crew, the Il-114 is flown by a crew of two, who are provided with electronic flight instruments.[14] Up to 64 passengers are accommodated in the aircraft's cabin, with passengers' baggage carried in compartments at the front and rear of the cabin, rather than under the cabin floor.[12][15]

The first prototype made its maiden flight from Zhukovsky Airfield on 29 March 1990.[16] Development was slowed by technical problems (including delays with the TV7-117 engines), and by organisational and financial problems associated with the breakup of the Soviet Union, with the Il-114 to be built at the Tashkent Aviation Production Association in soon-to-be independent Uzbekistan. The second prototype did not fly until 24 December 1991. This second prototype crashed, killing seven of nine people aboard, on 5 July 1993, causing the Russian government to withdraw funding from the Il-114, although the OKB continued development with its own money.[17][18] The Il-114 finally received airworthiness certification on 26 April 1997.[19]

Operational history

Ilyushin Il 114 at the MAKS Airshow, 23 August 2009
Ilyushin Il 114 at the MAKS Airshow, 23 August 2009
Uzbekistan Airways Ilyushin Il-114 at Dyubin 2012
Uzbekistan Airways Ilyushin Il-114 at Dyubin 2012
RADAR Ilyushin Il-114 at Dvurekov
RADAR Ilyushin Il-114 at Dvurekov
Il-114-100 of Uzbekistan Airways in 2008
Il-114-100 of Uzbekistan Airways in 2008

Since Vyborg was forced to shut down in July 2010, Uzbekistan Airways was the sole operator of the type until May 2018.[20] As of May 2018, no further orders had been placed for the Ilyushin 114.

In the winter of 2013-2014 the aircraft was scheduled for the following routes:[21]

Though the aircraft is not scheduled for other flights, following ad hoc changes it is also (though rarely) flown to other destinations in Uzbekistan. This also includes international connections: though these are no longer scheduled for the Ilyushin 114, the aircraft is sometimes used ad hoc on flights between Tashkent and Ashgabad as well as Bishkek. Uzbekistan Airways frequently changed aircraft prior to flights in order to allow for optimal usage of aircraft space in relation to actual demand.

From 2005, an Il-114 was converted into a flying testbed by Agat and Radar-MMS. With a capability to loiter for 14 hours, Agat and Radar-MMS have turned it into an advanced-technology MPA demonstrator. Il-114 RA93001 aircraft demonstrated the transmission of telemetry and targeting data in real time using a wide-band secure datalink using the Kasatka rescue and targeting complex during IMDS’2015 maritime show. This Il-114 has a FLIR under the nose, a magnetometer in the tail section, a semi-automatic sonobuoy dispenser, and two pylons under the fuselage for sensor pods or Kh-35 anti-ship missiles. On the right side of the fuselage, a GSh-2-23 twin-barrel 23-mm rapid fire cannon pod can be installed, with conformal metric-band antennas on both sides. This aircraft has two radars, one (KS-9) working in metric waveband (range up to 50 km) and the other (KS-1 or Zarya) in centimetric waveband (range 300 km). An additional antenna is in an underbelly dome for 360-degree coverage.[citation needed]

After the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2014, Russia is looking to modernize the Il-114. It will replace the Ukraine-made An-140T that was selected before, to refresh the Russia Air Force's medium transport aircraft fleet of An-26s and An-72s. Ilyushin is also offering the Maritime Patrol version of the aircraft to the Russian navy that can patrol for up to ten hours. It can be armed with 1.5 tons of sonobuoys and depth charges, with modern search-and-attack radar, magnetic anomaly detector and a thermal imager. The Il-114MP is intended to supplement and may then replace the ageing Il-38.[citation needed]

President Putin has ordered a study into resuming Ilyushin Il-114 turboprop production at the Aviakor plant in Samara, southeast of Moscow, with results of the assessment due in September 2014.[22] Possible improvements can include updated engines and avionics, rear cargo ramp/door, structural strengthening, digitization of engineering drawings. China may be interested in the modernized Il-114.[23][24]

The Russian naval service chief Maj. Gen. Igor Kozhin announced that the Russian navy is looking for “a modern and suitable universal platform” to replace the aging Il-20/Il-38 MPA fleet. Selection will be made in the period of 2015-16. A Maritime Patrol version of the Il-114 twin-turboprop airliner most likely will be a candidate. According to Georgy Antsev, general director and designer for Morinformsystem-Agat, “In my view, the Il-114 is the best choice for the Russian navy”. Companies promoting the Il-114 as an MPA include Agat, Ilyushin, Radar-MMS and others.[citation needed]


Ilyushin Company chief designer Sergey Gromov announced that they will develop a version of the Il-114 aircraft fitted with ski and wheel landing gear for the Arctic Region. The development program will produce three Il-114 aircraft by 2020 with Gidromash/Hydromash JSC (Nizhny Novgorod). It will be designated Il-114-300 and will be produced using only Russian-produced components. Four versions of Il-114-300 would be developed including a passenger version by 2019; Cargo and Arctic versions derived from the passenger version, and a Maritime Patrol Aircraft, whose prototype was showcased at Army-2015 forum.[25]

Russia's United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) expected that the Russian government would decide later on in 2015 whether to allow the state-backed aerospace group to build a new 50-to-70-seat passenger version of the Ilyushin Il-114. At Moscow's MAKS airshow on 26 August 2015, UAC president Yuri Slyusar said he favors building the new Il-114-300 model but awaits the Kremlin's endorsement.[citation needed]

In December 2016, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that production of the aircraft will be at the Nizhny Novgorod plant Sokol, starting in 2019-2020. Until 2025, almost 56 billion rubles from the state budget will finance the construction of 100 Il-114 planes.[citation needed] However, UAC president Yury Slusar announced at the Paris Air Show on 20 June 2017 that the production site was changed to the MiG production center at Lukhovitsy, close to Moscow. It is expected that the plant can produce 12-18 Ilyushin Il-114 regional aircraft per month to supply Russian airlines that will need around 60-80 turboprops with 50-60 seats over the next 10 to 15 years, said Slusar.[26]

At the Paris Air Show in June 2017, a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between Pratt & Whitney Canada (P&WC) and Ilyushin Joint Stock Co. was signed for P&WC to provide two PW127H engines to restart the Ilyushin Il-114-100 regional turboprop aircraft program.[27]

The Il-112V, being developed from the Il-114 airliner, will replace Russia's aging fleet of Antonov An-26s, as the LVTS (Russian acronym for Lightweight Military-Transport Aircraft). The Ilyushin Il-112V tactical airlifter for the Russian air force was forecast to make its maiden flight in the summer of 2017 but it was subsequently delayed.[citation needed] On 9 November 2015, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin reiterated that the Ilyushin Il-114 will be produced in the Sokol plant in Nizhny Novgorod.[28]

In July 2017, it was announced that Russia's United Aircraft Corp. (UAC) had signed a letter of intent with State Transport Leasing Co. for 50 Ilyushin Il-114-300s. Although the delivery schedule was not disclosed, the manufacturer and lessor are expected to sign a preliminary agreement on terms and conditions before the end of 2017.[29] In 2017, the Kremlin injected ₽9.6 billion ($153 million) into the Il-114-300 and for three years from 2018, UAC plans to invest ₽7.66 billion ($122 million) for the Il-114-300.[citation needed]

From February 2020, new Il-114-300 is being built, entirely from domestic parts and using new technique. Modern variant will carry 68 passengers, with a range of 2000 km.[30][31][32][33]

On November 28, 2020, the renovated Il-114 had started its first ground testing at an unspecified airfield within Moscow.[citation needed]

The renovated Il-114 made its flight on December 16, 2020 from Zhukovsky Airfield, fitted with TV7-117ST-01 engines, built by Klimov, with an improved takeoff power of 3,100 hp (2,300 kW) and Aerosila AV-112-114 propellers.[34][35] On January 19, 2021 the renovated Il-114 made the second flight.[36]

Under a plan announced in June 2022 to bring the proportion of domestically produced aircraft to 80% of the Russian fleet by the end of the decade following the international sanctions brought in after the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, around 70 Ilyushin Il-114-300s are expected to be produced by the end of the decade.[37]








Specifications (Il-114)

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004[12]

General characteristics



See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists


  1. Константин Михайлов. "В Воронеже завершили установку первых стапелей сборки агрегатов центроплана Ил-114". Newinform. Archived from the original on 5 July 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  2. "Uzbekistan Airways takes first production Il-114 turboprop". Reed. 12 August 1998. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  3. "Ilyushin IL-114". Aviamarket. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  4. "Data Bank". Aero transport. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  5. "Russia's new IL-114 aircraft, totally of domestic production, to take off in 2019". Pravda report. 4 October 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  6. "Assembly of Il-114 to be launched at MiG facility". Rus avia insider. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  7. Ever. "Last Il-114 delivered?". Take-off Magazine. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  8. "Uzbekistan plans to resume the assembly of Il-114 aircraft". Russian Aviation. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  9. Postlethwaite 1990, pp. 100–101.
  10. Duffy 1997, pp. 242–243.
  11. Gordon, Komissarov and Komissarov 2004, p. 352.
  12. Jackson 2003, pp. 368–369.
  13. Postlethwaite 1989, p. 30.
  14. Postlethwaite 1990, p. 104.
  15. Postlethwaite 1990, p. 107.
  16. Jackson 2003, p. 368.
  17. Duffy 1997, p. 243.
  18. Gordon, Komissarov and Komissarov 2004, pp. 354–355.
  19. Duffy 1997, p. 244.
  20. "Авиакомпания Uzbekistan Airways вывела из парка все Ил-114-100". Авиатранспортное обозрение (in Russian). ATO.ru. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  21. Uzbekistan Airways (2013). "Международный аэропорт "Ташкент" (International airport "Tashkent")". www.uzairways.com. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  22. "Aeroflot to Revive Low-Cost Plans Blocked by Ukraine Sanctions". Bloomberg L.P. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  23. "Sanctions Give Russia's Ilyushin Il-114 Passenger Plane a New Lease of Life - Business". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  24. "TASS: Economy - China interested in joint production of modernized Il-114 plane — Russian deputy PM". TASS. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  25. "Ilyushin design bureau will upgrade Il-114 for performing flights in the Arctic Region". RUSSIAN AVIATION / RUAVIATION.COM. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  26. "UAC to make a decision on 130-seat SSJ100 in 2017". Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  27. "P&W Canada, Ilyushin eye IL-114-100 aircraft restart". Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  28. "Il-114 to be produced in Nizhny Novgorod". Russia Beyond The Headlines / www.rbth.com. 9 November 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  29. "Russia's MC-21 and Il-114 win new orders at MAKS Air Show". atwonline.com. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  30. "В России запустили серийное производство гражданского Ил-114-300".
  31. "Началась сборка первого опытного образца Ил-114-300".
  32. "Как собирают пассажирский Ил-114 на военном заводе".
  33. "На Ил-114-300 начались аэродромные отработки в рамках подготовки к первому полёту".
  34. "Конкурсная работа" (PDF). aviationunion.ru. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2021. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  35. "Новый региональный Ил-114-300 совершил первый полет". rostec.ru. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  36. "Il-114-300 carries out second test flight".
  37. Kaminski-Morrow, David (27 June 2022). "Russian fleets to comprise over 80% domestically-built aircraft by 2030: government". Flight Global.
  38. "Ilyushin identifies cabin designer for new Il-114-300". Flightglobal.com. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  39. "Il-114-300". deagel.com. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
  40. "KADEX 2018: UAC Showcased Maritime Patrol Variant of Il-114". Navy Recognition. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  41. Kaminski-Morrow, David (5 September 2019). "KrasAvia becomes latest to sign for Il-114-300s". Flightglobal.com.
  42. Kaminski-Morrow, David (29 August 2019). "MAKS: Polar Airlines seeks to be Il-114-300 launch operator". Flightglobal.com.
  43. "Aircraft Accident Ilyushin 114 RA-54001". Aviation Safety Network.
  44. "Aircraft Accident Ilyushin 114T UK-91004". Aviation Safety Network.


The initial version of this article was based on material from aviation.ru. It has been released under the GFDL by the copyright holder.

На других языках

[de] Iljuschin Il-114

Die Iljuschin Il-114 (russisch Ильюшин Ил-114) ist ein zweimotoriges leichtes Fracht- und Regionalpassagierflugzeug aus sowjetischer bzw. russischer Produktion. Es ist für den Binnenflugverkehr bis 1000 km vorgesehen. Die Il-114 wurde als Ersatz für die Antonow An-24/26/30/32 konzipiert und kann auch Graspisten nutzen. Bei der Konstruktion des Flugzeugs wurde auf leise und sparsame Triebwerke geachtet. Als Frachtmaschine angeboten besitzt die Maschine auf der linken Seite ein 3,31 m × 1,78 m großes Ladetor.
- [en] Ilyushin Il-114

[fr] Iliouchine Il-114

L'Iliouchine Il-114 (En russe Илью́шин Ил-114) est un avion de ligne bimoteur russe avec turbopropulseur. D’une capacité d’environ 60 passagers, l’avion est conçu pour des liaisons locales (moyen courrier).

[it] Ilyushin Il-114

L'Ilyushin Il-114 è un aereo russo di linea bimotore turboelica per il trasporto passeggeri su tratte a corto raggio. Il progetto è stato sviluppato negli anni ottanta per sostituire gli aerei di linea a medio raggio russi: Antonov An-24, Yakovlev Yak-40 e Tupolev Tu-134.

[ru] Ил-114

Ил-114 — советский и российский турбовинтовой ближнемагистральный пассажирский самолёт, разработанный в 1980-х годах в КБ Ильюшина[3]. Самолёт предназначался для замены самолётов семейства Ан-24, а на некоторых региональных направлениях — турбореактивных Ту-134 и Як-40. До 2012 года серийное производство велось на Ташкентском авиационном производственном объединении имени В. П. Чкалова, бывшем заводе № 84. Первый полёт состоялся 29 марта 1990 года. Всего было произведено 20 машин, из которых в эксплуатации 2, разрушены 3, остальные на хранении.

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