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langs: 24 июля [ru] / july 24 [en] / 24. juli [de] / 24 juillet [fr] / 24 luglio [it] / 24 de julio [es]

days: july 21 / july 22 / july 23 / july 24 / july 25 / july 26 / july 27


Aerodrome / Aerodrome


#1 Advanced Landing Ground

Advanced Landing Grounds ( ALGs ) were temporary advance airfields constructed by the Allies during World War II during the liberation of Europe. They were built in the UK prior to the invasion and thereafter in northwest Europe from 6 June 1944 to V-E Day , 7 May 1945. It has been suggested that th

#2 Eilat Airport

Eilat Airport ( Hebrew : שְׂדֵה הַתְּעוּפָה אֵילַת , romanized :   Namal HaTe'ufa Eilat ; Arabic : مطار إيلات ( IATA : ETH , ICAO : LLET ) ), also known as J. Hozman Airport , was an airport located in Eilat , Israel. It was named after Arkia Airlines founder Yakov Hozman (Jacob Housman) and was loc

#3 Newquay Airport

Cornwall Airport Newquay ( IATA : NQY , ICAO : EGHQ ) is the main commercial airport for Cornwall , United Kingdom, located at Mawgan in Pydar , 4   NM (7.4   km; 4.6   mi) northeast of the town of Newquay on Cornwall's north coast. Its runway was operated by RAF St Mawgan before 2008, and is now ow

#4 Ie Shima Airfield

Ie Shima Auxiliary Airfield ( 伊江島補助飛行場 , Iejima Hojo Hikōjō ) is a training facility, managed by the United States Marine Corps and a former World War II airfield complex on Ie Shima , an island located off the northwest coast of Okinawa Island in the East China Sea . The airfield as such was inacti

#5 N'Djamena International Airport

N'Djamena International Airport ( IATA : NDJ , ICAO : FTTJ ) ( Arabic : مطار انجمينا الدولي ; French : Aéroport international de N'Djaména ) is an international airport serving N'Djamena , [1] [2] the capital city of Chad . It is the country's only international airport. The airport is dual use, wit

#6 Marine Corps Air Station Eagle Mountain Lake

Marine Corps Air Station Eagle Mountain Lake (MCAS Eagle Mountain Lake) was a United States Marine Corps air station that was located 23 miles (37   km) northwest of Fort Worth, Texas during World War II . Commissioned on December 1, 1942, the air station was originally supposed to be the home of th

#7 Zweibrücken Airport

Zweibrücken Airport ( IATA : ZQW , ICAO : EDRZ ) , or Flughafen Zweibrücken in German , is a regional airport and former minor international airport in Zweibrücken , Germany . It was the smaller of the two passenger airports in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate , the other being Frankfurt-Hahn Airpo

#8 Harvard State Airport

Harvard State Airport ( FAA LID : 08K ) (Harvard State Airfield) is two miles northeast of Harvard , in Clay County , Nebraska . It has no airline flights. Airport in near Harvard, Nebraska Harvard State Airport Harvard Army Airfield 1999 USGS Photo IATA : none ICAO : none FAA LID : 08K Summary Airp

#9 RAF Boreham

Royal Air Force Boreham or more simply RAF Boreham is a former Royal Air Force station in Essex , England . The airfield was always known locally as   : "Boreham Airfield". The airfield is located approximately 4 miles (6.4   km) north-northeast of Chelmsford ; about 30 miles (48   km) northeast of

#10 Manchester Airport

Manchester Airport ( IATA : MAN , ICAO : EGCC ) is an international airport at Ringway, Manchester , England, 7.5 nautical miles (13.9   km; 8.6   mi) south-west of Manchester city centre . [1] [3] In 2019, it was the third busiest airport in the United Kingdom in terms of passenger numbers and the

#11 Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport

Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport ( IATA : SAB , ICAO : TNCS ) is an airport on the Dutch Caribbean island of Saba . Its runway is widely acknowledged as the shortest commercial runway in the world, with length of 400 metres (1,312 ft). [1] [2] Airport on the Caribbean island of Saba Juancho E. Yrausquin

#12 Arendal Airport, Gullknapp

Arendal Airport, Gullknapp ( Norwegian : Arendal lufthavn, Gullknapp ; ICAO : ENGK ) is a general aviation airport situated at Blakstadheia in Froland , Norway . It consists of a single 1,120-meter (3,650   ft) asphalt runway aligned 05/23. The airport is located about 15 kilometers (9.3   mi) from

#13 Christchurch Airport

Christchurch Airport ( IATA : CHC , ICAO : NZCH ) is the main airport that serves Christchurch , New Zealand . It is located 12 kilometres (7.5   mi) to the northwest of the city centre, in the suburb of Harewood . Christchurch (Harewood) Airport officially opened on 18 May 1940 [4] and became New Z

#14 Garnett Municipal Airport

Garnett Municipal Airport ( FAA LID : K68 ) is a city-owned public-use airport located two nautical miles (4 km) east of the central business district of Garnett , a city in Anderson County , Kansas , United States . [1] Airport in Anderson County, Kansas Garnett Municipal Airport IATA : none ICAO :

#15 Dalhart Army Air Base

Dalhart Army Air Base is a former World War II military airfield complex near the city of Dalhart, Texas . It operated three training sites for the United States Army Air Forces from 1943 until 1945. For the civilian airport established in 1946, see Dalhart Municipal Airport . Airport Dalhart Army A

#16 Belleville Municipal Airport

Belleville Municipal Airport ( ICAO : KRPB , FAA LID : RPB ) is a city-owned airport a mile west of Belleville , in Republic County , Kansas , United States . [1] This article is about the airport in Belleville, Kansas. For airport in Belleville, Michigan, see Belleville Airport . For airport in Bel

#17 An Thoi Naval Base

An Thoi Naval Base is a former Republic of Vietnam Navy (RVNN), United States Navy, and U.S. Coast Guard base in the town of An Thới , Phú Quốc island in southwest Vietnam . [1] Coast Guard Base An Thoi Naval Base Swift boats at An Thoi, 1966 An Thoi Naval Base Coordinates 10.019°N 104.018°E  / 10.

#18 Skopje International Airport

Skopje International Airport [2] [3] [4] ( Macedonian : Меѓународен аеродром Скопје , romanized :   Megjunaroden aerodrom Skopje , Albanian : Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Shkupit , IATA : SKP , ICAO : LWSK ), also known as Skopje Airport ( Macedonian : Аеродром Скопје , romanized :   Aerodrom Skopje [5]

#19 Rantoul National Aviation Center

Rantoul National Aviation Center ( ICAO : KTIP , FAA LID : TIP ) , also known as Frank Elliott Field , is a public use airport located in Rantoul , a village in Champaign County , Illinois , United States . It is owned by the Village of Rantoul. [1] Airport Rantoul National Aviation Center Airport F

#20 Gusap Airport

Gusap Airport is a general aviation airport in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea . ( IATA : GAP ) located at the base of the Finisterre Range. It has no scheduled commercial airline service. It is currently in use, and maintained by Ramu Agri Industries Ltd. (RAIL) for Crop Dusting purposes (Aerial


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Aeroplane / Aeroplane


#1 Gloster Meteor

The Gloster Meteor was the first British jet fighter and the Allies ' only jet aircraft to engage in combat operations during the Second World War . The Meteor's development was heavily reliant on its ground-breaking turbojet engines, pioneered by Frank Whittle and his company, Power Jets Ltd . Deve

#2 De Havilland DH 108

The de Havilland DH 108 "Swallow" was a British experimental aircraft designed by John Carver Meadows Frost in October 1945. The DH 108 featured a tailless , swept wing with a single vertical stabilizer , similar to the layout of the wartime German Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet . Initially designed to

#3 Gaunt biplane no.2

The Gaunt biplane no.2 'Baby' was a single-engine, single-seat biplane , designed by John Gaunt and flown by him with some success from Southport sands in Lancashire , England during the summer of 1911. Biplane no.2 'Baby' Role Experimental single seat biplane Type of aircraft National origin United

#4 Felixstowe F5L

The twin-engine F5L was one of the Felixstowe F series of flying boats developed by John Cyril Porte at the Seaplane Experimental Station , Felixstowe , England, during the First World War for production in America. F5L Curtiss F5L patrol plane at Pensacola Naval Air Station Role Military flying boa

#5 Macchi C.200 Saetta

The Macchi C.200 Saetta (Italian: "Lightning"), or MC.200, was a fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by Aeronautica Macchi in Italy . Various versions were flown by the Regia Aeronautica (Italian Air Force) who used the type throughout the Second World War . 1937 Italian fighter aircraft fam

#6 Avro Vulcan

The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan [1] from July 1963) [2] is a jet-powered , tailless , delta-wing , high-altitude, strategic bomber , which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984. Aircraft manufacturer A.V. Roe and Company ( Avro ) designed the Vulcan in response

#7 Sukhoi Su-17

The Sukhoi Su-17 ( izdeliye S-32) is a variable-sweep wing fighter-bomber developed for the Soviet military. Its NATO reporting name is " Fitter ". Developed from the Sukhoi Su-7 , the Su-17 was the first variable-sweep wing aircraft to enter Soviet service. Two subsequent Sukhoi aircraft, the Su-20

#8 Ilyushin Il-62

The Ilyushin Il-62 ( Russian : Илью́шин Ил-62 ; NATO reporting name : Classic ) is a Soviet long-range narrow-body jetliner conceived in 1960 by Ilyushin . As successor to the popular turboprop Il-18 and with capacity for almost 200 passengers and crew, the Il-62 was the world's largest jet airliner

#9 Avro Baby

The Avro 534 Baby (originally named the "Popular") was a British single-seat light sporting biplane built shortly after the First World War . Baby Bert Hinkler's Avro Baby in the Queensland Museum, Brisbane Role Sports plane Manufacturer Avro Designer Roy Chadwick First flight 30 April 1919 Number b

#10 SIAI-Marchetti SM.1019

The SIAI-Marchetti SM.1019 is an Italian STOL liaison monoplane built by SIAI-Marchetti for the Italian Army , and based on the Cessna O-1 Bird Dog . Italian STOL liaison monoplane by SIAI-Marchetti SM.1019 Role STOL liaison monoplane Type of aircraft Manufacturer SIAI-Marchetti First flight 24 May

#11 Enola Gay

The Enola Gay ( / ə ˈ n oʊ l ə / ) is a Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber , named after Enola Gay Tibbets, the mother of the pilot, Colonel Paul Tibbets . On 6 August 1945, piloted by Tibbets and Robert A. Lewis during the final stages of World War II , it became the first aircraft to drop an atomic

#12 Peña Capeña

The Peña Capeña is a French aerobatic amateur-built aircraft that was designed by competitive aerobatic pilot Louis Peña of Dax, Landes and made available in the form of plans for amateur construction. [1] [2] French homebuilt aircraft Capeña Role Aerobatic amateur-built aircraft Type of aircraft Na

#13 Airbus A330

The Airbus A330 is a wide-body aircraft developed and produced by Airbus . Airbus conceived several derivatives of the A300 , its first airliner in the mid-1970s. Then the company began development on the A330 twinjet in parallel with the A340 quadjet and launched both designs with their first order

#14 Boeing EC-135

The Boeing EC-135 is a retired family of command and control aircraft derived from the Boeing C-135 Stratolifter . During the Cold War , the EC-135 was best known for being modified to perform the Looking Glass mission where one EC-135 was always airborne 24 hours a day to serve as flying command po

#15 Blériot 155

The Blériot 155 (or Bl-155 ) was a French airliner of the 1920s. It was a four-engined biplane developed from the Blériot 115 and 135 , but larger than these aircraft. Two were built for use by Air Union on their Paris - London route. Both were lost in accidents in 1926. 155 F-AICQ Clement Ader Role

#16 CANSA C.5

The CANSA C.5 was a training biplane developed in Italy shortly before World War II . Italian training biplane C.5 Role Civil trainer Type of aircraft Manufacturer Costruzioni Aeronautiche Novaresi S.A. (CANSA) Designer Giacomo Mosso First flight 24 July 1939 Primary   user Regia Aeronautica Number

#17 Grumman F-14 Tomcat

The Grumman F-14 Tomcat is an American carrier-capable supersonic , twin-engine , two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft . The Tomcat was developed for the United States Navy 's Naval Fighter Experimental (VFX) program after the collapse of the General Dynamics-Grumman F-111B proj

#18 Straight Flush

Straight Flush was the name of a B-29 Superfortress (B-29-36-MO 44-27301, Victor number 85) that participated in the atomic bomb attack on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. For other uses, see Straight flush (disambiguation) . This article needs additional citations for verification . ( November 2018 ) S

#19 Bell X-1

The Bell X-1 ( Bell Model 44 ) is a rocket engine–powered aircraft , designated originally as the XS-1 , and was a joint National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics – U.S. Army Air Forces – U.S. Air Force supersonic research project built by Bell Aircraft . Conceived during 1944 and designed and bui

#20 Airbus A400M Atlas

The Airbus A400M Atlas [nb 2] is a European four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft . It was designed by Airbus Military (now Airbus Defence and Space ) as a tactical airlifter with strategic capabilities to replace older transport aircraft, such as the Transall C-160 and the Lockheed C-13


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Aircraft carrier / Aircraft carrier


#1 Japanese submarine I-401

I-401 ( 伊号第四百一潜水艦 , I-gō-dai yon-hyaku-ichi-sensuikan ) was an Imperial Japanese Navy Sentoku -type (or I-400 -class) submarine commissioned in 1945 for service in World War II . Capable of carrying three two-seat Aichi M6A 1 "Seiran" (Mountain Haze) float -equipped torpedo bombers , the Sentoku -cl

#2 List of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy

Aircraft carriers are warships that act as airbases for carrier-based aircraft . In the United States Navy , these consist of ships commissioned with hull classification symbols CV (aircraft carrier), CVA (attack aircraft carrier), CVB (large aircraft carrier), CVL (light aircraft carrier), CVN (air

#3 Independence-class aircraft carrier

The Independence -class aircraft carriers were a class of light carriers built for the United States Navy that served during World War II. Light aircraft carrier class of the US Navy For the class of littoral combat ships, see Independence-class littoral combat ship . This article needs additional c

#4 I-400-class submarine

The I-400 -class submarine ( 伊四百型潜水艦 , I-yon-hyaku-gata sensuikan ) Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) submarines were the largest submarines of World War II and remained the largest ever built until the construction of nuclear ballistic missile submarines in the 1960s. The IJN called this type of submari

#5 Japanese aircraft carrier Ryūhō

Ryūhō ( 龍鳳 , "Dragon phoenix") was a light aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy . She was converted from the submarine tender Taigei ( 大鯨, "Big Whale" ) , which had been used in the Second Sino-Japanese War . One of the least successful of the light aircraft carrier conversions due to her

#6 USS Cabot (CVL-28)

USS Cabot (CVL-28/AVT-3) was an Independence -class light aircraft carrier in the United States Navy , the second ship to carry the name. Cabot was commissioned in 1943 and served until 1947. She was recommissioned as a training carrier from 1948 to 1955. From 1967 to 1989, she served in Spain as Dé

#7 List of aircraft carriers operational during World War II

Naval historians such as Evan Mawdsley , Richard Overy , and Craig Symonds concluded that World War II's decisive victories on land could not have been won without decisive victories at sea. [1] [2] [3] Naval battles to keep shipping lanes open for combatant's movement of troops, guns, ammunition, t

#8 Implacable-class aircraft carrier

The Implacable -class aircraft carrier consisted of two aircraft carriers built for the Royal Navy during World War II . Derived from the design of the Illustrious class , they were faster and carried more aircraft than the older ships. They were initially assigned to the Home Fleet when completed i

#9 USS Saratoga (CV-3)

USS Saratoga (CV-3) was a Lexington -class aircraft carrier built for the United States Navy during the 1920s. Originally designed as a battlecruiser , she was converted into one of the Navy's first aircraft carriers during construction to comply with the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. The ship en

#10 USS Hornet (CV-12)

USS Hornet (CV/CVA/CVS-12) is an Essex -class aircraft carrier built for the United States Navy (USN) during World War II . Completed in late 1943, the ship was assigned to the Fast Carrier Task Force (variously designated as Task Force 38 or 58) in the Pacific Ocean , the navy's primary offensive f

#11 USS Yorktown (CV-10)

USS Yorktown (CV/CVA/CVS-10) is one of 24 Essex -class aircraft carriers built during World War II for the United States Navy . Initially to have been named Bonhomme Richard , she was renamed Yorktown while still under construction, after the Yorktown -class aircraft carrier USS   Yorktown   (CV-5)

#12 HMAS Melbourne (R21)

HMAS Melbourne (R21) was a Majestic -class light aircraft carrier operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) from 1955 until 1982, and was the third and final conventional aircraft carrier [note 1] to serve in the RAN. Melbourne was the only Commonwealth naval vessel to sink two friendly warships i

#13 Japanese aircraft carrier Amagi

Amagi ( 天城 ) was an Unryū -class aircraft carrier built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II . Named after Mount Amagi , [1] and completed late in the war, she never embarked her complement of aircraft and spent the war in Japanese waters. The ship capsized in July 1945 after being hit

#14 USS Thetis Bay

USS Thetis Bay (CVE-90) was the thirty-sixth of fifty Casablanca -class escort carriers built for the United States Navy during World War II . She was launched in March 1944, commissioned in April, and served as a transport carrier in the Pacific, as well as a replenishment carrier supporting the Al

#15 Timeline for aircraft carrier service

Aircraft carriers have their origins during the days of World War I . The earliest experiments consisted of fitting temporary "flying off" platforms to the gun turrets of the warships of several nations, notably the United States and the United Kingdom. The first ship to be modified with a permanent

#16 HMS Formidable (67)

HMS Formidable was an Illustrious -class aircraft carrier ordered for the Royal Navy before the Second World War. After being completed in late 1940, she was briefly assigned to the Home Fleet before being transferred to the Mediterranean Fleet as a replacement for her crippled sister ship Illustrio

#17 USS America (CV-66)

USS America (CVA/CV-66) was one of three Kitty Hawk -class supercarriers built for the United States Navy in the 1960s. Commissioned in 1965, she spent most of her career in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, but did make three Pacific deployments serving in the Vietnam War . She also served in the Per

#18 USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2)

USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2) was the lead ship of her class and type—the first amphibious assault ship to be designed and built from the keel up as a dedicated helicopter carrier . She carried helicopters and typically embarked USMC elements of a Marine Amphibious Unit (MAU)/later Marine Expeditionary Unit

#19 USS Bataan (CVL-29)

USS Bataan (CVL-29/AVT-4) , originally planned as USS Buffalo (CL-99) and also classified as CV-29 , was an 11,000 ton Independence -class light aircraft carrier which was commissioned in the United States Navy during World War II on 17 November 1943. Serving in the Pacific Theatre for the entire wa

#20 Japanese battleship Ise

Ise ( Japanese : 伊勢 ) was the lead ship of her class of two dreadnought battleships built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the 1910s. Although completed in 1917, she played no role in World War I . Ise supported Japanese forces in the early 1920s during the Siberian Intervention in the Ru


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Airline / Airline


#1 TAAG Angola Airlines

TAAG Angola Airlines E.P. ( Portuguese : TAAG Linhas Aéreas de Angola E.P. ) is a state-owned airline and flag carrier of Angola . [2] Based in Luanda , the airline operates domestic services within Angola, medium-haul services in Africa and long-haul services to Brazil , Cuba , and Portugal . [3] [

#2 South African Airways

South African Airways ( SAA ) is the flag carrier airline of South Africa . [4] Founded in 1934, the airline is headquartered in Airways Park at O. R. Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg and operated a hub-and-spoke network, serving ten destinations in Africa. [1] The carrier joined Star All

#3 Prinair

Prinair is a Puerto Rican charter operator airline. [10] It was Puerto Rico 's domestic and international flag carrier airline for almost two decades from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s. Despite previously ceasing scheduled commercial operations twice, it restarted charter flights in 2019. Puerto Ri

#4 Taquan Air

Taquan Air is the operating name for Venture Travel, LLC , an American regional airline headquartered in Ketchikan , a city in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Alaska . [3] It operates domestic scheduled passenger and charter services. Its base is Ketchikan Harbor Seaplane Base , which

#5 European Low Fares Airline Association

The European Low Fares Airline Association ( ELFAA ) was an organization formed in 2004 to represent low-cost carriers and lobby European institutions on their behalf. [3] It ceased operations and disbanded in 2016, as major members joined the newly formed trade group Airlines for Europe . ELFAA was

#6 V Australia

V Australia [1] was a long-haul international airline owned by Virgin Australia Holdings that commenced operating on 27 February 2009. [2] As part of a rebranding of all of Virgin Australia Holdings' subsidiaries, on 7 December 2011 it was subsumed into Virgin Australia . [3] International airline o

#7 Orange Star

Orange Star (Chinese: 橘星) is an airline holding company that was formed on 24 July 2005, when Jetstar Asia Airways and Valuair announced their merger in the light of growing competition from other low-cost carriers , price wars and rising fuel costs. [1] Jetstar Asia Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Ch

#8 LAM Mozambique Airlines

LAM - Mozambique Airlines, S. A. ( LAM - Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique, S. A. ) or Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique, Ltd. , [2] operating as LAM Mozambique Airlines ( Portuguese : LAM Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique ), is the flag carrier of Mozambique . [3] The airline was established by the Portuguese coloni

#9 LIAT

LIAT (1974) Ltd , also known as Leeward Islands Air Transport Services and operating as LIAT , is a regional airline headquartered in Antigua and Barbuda that operated high-frequency inter-island scheduled services to 15 [2] destinations in the Caribbean . The airline's main base was V.C. Bird Inter

#10 British Caledonian in the 1970s

British Caledonian (BCal) came into being in November 1970 when the Scottish charter airline Caledonian Airways , at the time Britain's second-largest, wholly privately owned, independent [nb 1] airline , took over British United Airways (BUA), then the largest British independent airline as well as

#11 Highland Airways Limited

Highland Airways Limited was established in Inverness , Scotland , by Ted Fresson in 1933 to provide passenger and freight air services between the Scottish mainland and the Northern Isles of Orkney and Shetland , and between their islands. The airline was taken over by Scottish Airways , absorbed b

#12 Swiftair

Swiftair S.A. is an airline headquartered in Madrid , Spain . [1] It operates scheduled and charter, passenger and cargo flights in Europe , North Africa and the Middle East . Its main base is Madrid–Barajas Airport . Airline headquartered in Madrid, Spain Not to be confused with Swift Air Malawi or

#13 Skybus Airlines

Skybus Airlines Inc. was a privately held airline based in Columbus , Ohio , United States . [2] It operated as an ultra low-cost carrier modeled after the European airline Ryanair , and aimed to be the least expensive airline in the United States. The business model was heavily reliant on flying ro

#14 Aria Air

Aria Air ( Persian : هواپیمایی آریا ) was an airline based in Bandar Abbas , Iran. It operated international and domestic passenger service. Officially, its main base was in Bandar Abbas, but the headquarter was located in Tehran . Iranian airline Aria Air هواپیمایی آریا Aria Air's Fokker 50 flying

#15 Florida Commuter Airlines

Florida Commuter Airlines was a small U.S. regional airline based out of Palm Beach International Airport that evolved directly from Roberson Air, Inc., which did business as Red Baron Airlines . This happened when Dr. Rudolph P. Scheerer bought out Dr. Clive E. Roberson for a 100% stake in the airl

#16 YAK-Service

YAK-Service ( Russian : ЗАО «Авиационная компания «Як-Сервис» ) was an airline based in Moscow , Russia . It operated executive passenger charters. It was established on 12 February 1993 and started operations on 25 November 1993. The airline was banned from operating within the EU from 24 July 2009

#17 LOT Polish Airlines

LOT Polish Airlines , legally incorporated as Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT S.A. ( Polish pronunciation:   [lɔt] , flight ), is the flag carrier of Poland . [6] Established in 1928, LOT was a founding member of IATA and remains one of the world's oldest airlines in operation. [2] With a fleet of 75 air

#18 Qatar Airways

Qatar Airways Company Q.C.S.C. ( Arabic : القطرية , al-Qaṭariya ), [4] operating as Qatar Airways , is the state-owned flag carrier airline of Qatar . [5] Headquartered in the Qatar Airways Tower in Doha , [6] the airline operates a hub-and-spoke network, flying to over 150 [7] international destina

#19 Allegiant Air

Allegiant Air (usually shortened to Allegiant ) is an American ultra-low-cost airline that operates scheduled and charter flights. It is a major air carrier , the fourteenth-largest commercial airline in North America. Ultra low-cost-low service-carrier of the United States This article is about the

#20 Volga-Dnepr Airlines

Volga-Dnepr Airlines, LLC ( Russian : ООО «Авиакомпания «Волга-Днепр» ) is an airline based in Ulyanovsk , Russia . It specializes in providing air charter services by operating a unique fleet of twelve Antonov An-124 (largest production cargo aircraft), five Boeing 747-8F and five IL-76TD-90VD (Sta


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Airship / Airship


#1 History of ballooning

The history of ballooning , both with hot air and gas , spans many centuries. It includes many firsts, including the first human flight, first flight across the English Channel , first flight in North America, and first aircraft related disaster. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve

#2 List of British airships

Airship development in the United Kingdom lagged behind that of Germany and France. The first British designed and built airship was constructed by Stanley Spencer , and on 22 September 1902 was flown 30 miles (48   km) from Crystal Palace, London to Ruislip , carrying an advertisement for baby food

#3 British Army Dirigible No 1

British Army Dirigible No 1 , christened Nulli Secundus (Latin: "Second to none") was a semi-rigid airship . First flown on 10 September 1907, it was Britain's first powered military aircraft. Dirigible No 1 Role Semi-rigid airship Type of aircraft Manufacturer Royal Engineers Designer Col. John Cap


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Air Forces / Air Forces


#1 Jagdgeschwader 52

Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52) [lower-alpha 1] was a German World War II fighter Geschwader ( wing ) that exclusively used the Messerschmitt Bf 109 throughout the war. The unit originally formed near Munich in November 1938, then moved to a base near Stuttgart . JG 52 became the most successful fighter-

#2 330th Bombardment Group (VH)

The 330th Bombardment Group ("Empire Busters") was a bomber group of the United States Army Air Forces during World War II . It was formed on 1 July 1942 at Salt Lake City Army Air Base, Utah . Initially, the group was equipped with the Consolidated B-24 Liberator , and served as a training unit wit

#3 513th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron

The 513th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 86th Air Division , based at Phalsbourg-Bourscheid Air Base , France, where it was inactivated on 8 January 1961. 513th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 513th Fighter Interceptor Squadron

#4 Jagdgeschwader 26

Jagdgeschwader 26 (JG   26) Schlageter was a German fighter - wing of World War II . It was named after Albert Leo Schlageter , a World War I veteran, Freikorps member, and posthumous Nazi martyr, arrested and executed by the French for sabotage in 1923. The wing fought predominantly against the Wes

#5 77th Fighter Squadron

The 77th Fighter Squadron is part of the 20th Fighter Wing at Shaw Air Force Base , South Carolina. It operates the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft conducting air superiority missions. "77th Aero Squadron" redirects here. For the 77th Aero Squadron established in August 1917, see 489t

#6 Jagdgeschwader 53

Jagdgeschwader 53 (JG 53) was a Luftwaffe fighter - wing of World War II . It operated in Western Europe and in the Mediterranean . Jagdgeschwader 53 - or as it was better known, the "Pik As" (Ace of Spades) Geschwader - was one of the oldest German fighter units of World War II with its origins goi

#7 List of Royal Flying Corps squadrons

A list of Royal Flying Corps squadrons with date and location of foundation. This article needs additional citations for verification . ( February 2016 ) The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the aviation arm of the British Army . Squadrons were the main form of flying unit from its foundation on 13 Apri

#8 VFA-115

Strike Fighter Squadron 115 (VFA-115) is known as the "Eagles", callsign "Talon", a United States Navy F/A-18E Super Hornet strike fighter squadron stationed at Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni . Their tail code is NF . It was established as Torpedo Squadron VT-11 on 10 October 1942, redesignated VA

#9 VA-55 (U.S. Navy)

VA-55 was an Attack Squadron of the U.S. Navy . It was established as Torpedo Squadron VT-5 on 15 February 1943, redesignated VA-6A on 15 November 1946, and finally designated VA-55 on 16 August 1948. The squadron was disestablished on 12 December 1975. It was the first squadron to be designated VA-

#10 Second VA-125 (U.S. Navy)

VA-125 was an Attack Squadron of the U.S. Navy , and was the second squadron to bear the VA-125 designation. It was established as VA-26 on 30 June 1956, and redesignated VA-125 on 11 April 1958. The squadron was disestablished on 1 October 1977. Its nickname was Skylanchers from 1956-1958, and Roug

#11 486th Fighter Squadron

The 486th Fighter Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It activated during World War II and was assigned to the 352nd Fighter Group of VIII Fighter Command . After training in the United States, it deployed to the European Theater of Operations , where it earned a Distinguished Unit

#12 List of wings of the Royal Air Force

Wings within the Royal Air Force have both administrative and tactical applications. Over the years, the structure and role of wings has changed to meet the demands placed on the RAF. Many of the RAF's numbered wings were originally Royal Flying Corps (RFC) or Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) units. W

#13 354th Fighter Squadron

The 354th Fighter Squadron ( 354 FS ) is part of the 355th Fighter Wing at Davis–Monthan Air Force Base , Arizona . It operates A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft conducting close air support missions. US Air Force unit 354th Fighter Squadron An A-10 Thunderbolt from the 354th Fighter Squadron [1] Active

#14 106th Rescue Wing

The 106th Rescue Wing (106th RQW) is a unit of the New York Air National Guard , stationed at Francis S. Gabreski Air National Guard Base , Westhampton Beach, New York. If activated to federal service, the Wing is gained by the United States Air Force Air Combat Command . This article needs addition

#15 87th Fighter-Bomber Squadron

The 87th Fighter-Bomber Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 438th Fighter-Bomber Group , based at General Mitchell Field , Milwaukee , Wisconsin, where it was inactivated on 16 November 1957. 87th Fighter-Bomber Squadron F-80 as flown by the group i

#16 1st Fighter Wing

The 1st Fighter Wing (1 FW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command Ninth Air Force . It is stationed at Langley Air Force Base , VA. where it is a tenant unit, being supported by the 633d Air Base Wing . United States Air Force flying unit 1st Fighter Wing Formation of

#17 715th Independent Reconnaissance Squadron

The 715th Independent Reconnaissance Squadron ( Serbo-Croatian : 715. samostalna izviđačka eskadrila / 715. самостална извиђачка ескадрила ) was an aviation squadron of Yugoslav Air Force formed in December, 1949 by order from July 24, same year at Pleso airfield. 715th Independent Reconnaissance Sq

#18 194th Fighter Squadron

The 194th Fighter Squadron (194 FS) is a unit of the California Air National Guard 's 144th Fighter Wing (144 FW) at Fresno Air National Guard Base , California. The 194th is equipped with the F-15 Eagle and like its parent wing, the 144th Griffins, is operationally-gained within the active U.S. Air

#19 76th Fighter Squadron

The 76th Fighter Squadron is a United States Air Force Reserve unit. It is assigned to the 476th Fighter Group and stationed at Moody Air Force Base , Georgia. The squadron is equipped with the Fairchild Republic A-10C Thunderbolt II attack fighter. 76th Fighter Squadron The 76th is represented by t

#20 Jagdstaffel 12

Royal Prussian Jagdstaffel 12 was a World War I "hunting group" (i.e., fighter squadron) of the Luftstreitkräfte , the air arm of the Imperial German Army during World War I . As one of the original German fighter squadrons, the unit would score 155 aerial victories (including three wins over observ


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Design / Design


#1 Martin-Baker Mk.1

The Martin-Baker Mk.1 is a British ejection seat designed and built by Martin-Baker . Developed in the late 1940s it was the first in the line of production Martin-Baker seats for military aircraft. Ground and air testing of earlier designs resulted in the first successful test ejection of a company

#2 Martin-Baker

Martin-Baker Aircraft Company Limited is a British manufacturer of ejection seats and safety-related equipment for aviation. The company's origins were originally as an aircraft manufacturer before becoming a pioneer in the field of ejection seats. The company's headquarters are in Higher Denham , B

#3 Ejection seat

In aircraft , an ejection seat or ejector seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft (usually military) in an emergency. In most designs, the seat is propelled out of the aircraft by an explosive charge or rocket motor , carrying the pilot with it. The concept of an e

#4 Airborne wind shear detection and alert system

The airborne wind shear detection and alert system , fitted in an aircraft , detects and alerts the pilot both visually and aurally of a wind shear condition. A reactive wind shear detection system is activated by the aircraft flying into an area with a wind shear condition of sufficient force to po

#5 H2S (radar)

H2S was the first airborne , ground scanning radar system . It was developed for the Royal Air Force 's Bomber Command during World War II to identify targets on the ground for night and all-weather bombing. This allowed attacks outside the range of the various radio navigation aids like Gee or Oboe


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Designer / Designer


#1 Ernest Archdeacon

Ernest Archdeacon (23 March 1863   – 3 January 1950) was a French lawyer and aviation pioneer before the First World War . He made his first balloon flight at the age of 20. He commissioned a copy of the 1902 Wright No.   3 glider but had only limited success. He was regarded as France's foremost pr

#2 List of pilots awarded an Aviator's Certificate by the Royal Aero Club in 1911

The Royal Aero Club issued Aviators Certificates from 1910. These were internationally recognised under the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale .

#3 Philip Dalton

Lt. Philip Dalton (April 1, 1903 – July 25, 1941 [1] ) was a United States military scientist , pilot and engineer. Dalton is best known for his invention of several slide-rule analog flight computers , the most famous being the E6B . [2]

#4 John Cyril Porte

Lieutenant Colonel John Cyril Porte , CMG , FRAeS (26 February 1884 – 22 October 1919) was a British flying boat pioneer associated with the First World War Seaplane Experimental Station at Felixstowe . [3] British aviator John Cyril Porte Porte on 22 June 1914, day of the naming ceremony for Wanama

#5 Hiram Maxim

Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim (5 February 1840 – 24 November 1916) was an American - British inventor best known as the creator of the first automatic machine gun , the Maxim gun . [1] Maxim held patents on numerous mechanical devices such as hair-curling irons , a mousetrap , and steam pumps . Maxim laid

#6 Amelia Earhart

Amelia Mary Earhart ( / ˈ ɛər h ɑːr t / AIR -hart , born July 24, 1897; disappeared July 2, 1937; declared dead January 5, 1939) was an American aviation pioneer and writer. [2] [Note 1] Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean . [4] She set many other records, [3]

#7 List of pilots awarded an Aviator's Certificate by the Royal Aero Club in 1912

The Royal Aero Club issued Aviators Certificates from 1910. These were internationally recognised under the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale .

#8 Chris Heintz (aeronautical engineer)

Chris Heintz (21 November 1938 – 30 April 2021) was a French and Canadian aeronautical engineer , known for his kit aircraft designs. [1] [2] [3] [4] Canadian aircraft designer (1938–2021) For the baseball player, see Chris Heintz . Chris Heintz Born ( 1938-11-21 ) November 21, 1938 France Died Apri

#9 Jordaki Kuparenko

Iordache Cuparencu (born 1780 in Călinești ( Șerbăuți ), Suceava ; died 1844 in Warsaw ) was a Romanian [1] circus artist, aeronautics pioneer, engineer and theatre manager of Moldavian - Romanian descent. This article is an orphan , as no other articles link to it . Please introduce links to this p

#10 Marion O. McKinney Jr.

Marion O'Dell McKinney Jr. (July 24, 1921 – August 3, 1999) was a scientist at Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory , who researched a wide variety of aerospace topics, including personal aircraft, [1] dynamics, [2] and aircraft configurations. [3] Like many of his contemporaries, he conducted s

#11 Walter Blume (aircraft designer)

Walter Blume (10 January 1896 – 27 May 1964) was a German fighter ace of World War I. During World War I, he flew with two fighter squadrons, Jagdstaffel 26 and Jagdstaffel 9 gaining 28 aerial victories and earning the Iron Cross , Royal House Order of Hohenzollern , and the Pour le Merite . [1] Thi

#12 Ernest Emery Harmon

Captain Ernest Emery Harmon , Army Air Corps (February 8, 1893–August 27, 1933) was an aviation pioneer. Lesser known than many of the major figures of early flight, his significant contributions during the golden age of aviation (aka the interwar years) resulted, by an act of Congress (June 23, 194

#13 Dale Snodgrass

Dale Snodgrass (May 13, 1949 – July 24, 2021) [1] was a United States Navy aviator and air show performer who according to the Spokane Spokesman-Review was considered one of the greatest fighter pilots of all time. [2] United States Navy pilot (1949–2021) Dale Snodgrass Nickname(s) "Snort" Born ( 19

#14 Tryggve Gran

Jens Tryggve Herman Gran MC (20 January 1888 – 8 January 1980) was a Norwegian aviator, polar explorer and author. [3] Norwegian aviator, polar explorer and author Tryggve Gran Tryggve Gran around 1912-1913 Born ( 1888-01-20 ) 20 January 1888 [1] Bergen , Norway Died 8 January 1980 (1980-01-08) (age

#15 Emory Conrad Malick

Emory Conrad Malick (December 29, 1881 – January 23, 1959) was an aviation pioneer from the state of Pennsylvania , United States. He was an early graduate of the Curtiss Flying School , where he earned his International Pilot's License (FAI #105) on March 20, 1912. In March 2011, an article publish

#16 Henri Ziegler

Henri Ziegler CVO , CBE (18 November 1906 in Limoges – 24 July 1998, in Paris ) was one of the founders of Airbus and its first president. This article relies excessively on references to primary sources . ( January 2008 ) Henri Ziegler Born ( 1906-11-18 ) 18 November 1906 Limoges , France Died 24 J

#17 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ( / ˈ ɑː b d əl k ə ˈ l ɑː m / ( listen ) ; 15 October 1931   – 27 July 2015) was an Indian aerospace scientist and statesman who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram , Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aer

#18 Paul MacCready

Paul B. MacCready Jr. (September 25, 1925 – August 28, 2007) was an American aeronautical engineer . He was the founder of AeroVironment and the designer of the human-powered aircraft that won the first Kremer prize . He devoted his life to developing more efficient transportation vehicles that coul

#19 Louis Blériot

Louis Charles Joseph Blériot ( / ˈ b l ɛr i oʊ / BLERR -ee-oh , [3] [4] also US : / ˈ b l eɪ r i oʊ , ˌ b l eɪ r i ˈ oʊ , b l ɛər ˈ j oʊ / BLAY -ree-oh, - ⁠ OH , blair- YOH , [5] [6] [7] French:   [lwi bleʁjo] ; 1 July 1872 – 1 August 1936) was a French aviator , inventor , and engineer . He develop


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Engine / Engine


#1 Avro Canada Orenda

The Avro Canada TR5 Orenda was the first production jet engine from Avro Canada 's Gas Turbine Division. Similar to other early jet engines in design, like the Rolls-Royce Avon or General Electric J47 , the Orenda nevertheless outperformed its rivals in most ways, and the Orenda-powered Canadair Sab

#2 Rolls-Royce Welland

The Rolls-Royce RB.23 Welland was Britain 's first production jet engine . [1] It entered production in 1943 for the Gloster Meteor . The name Welland is taken from the River Welland , in keeping with the Rolls-Royce policy of naming early jet engines after rivers based on the idea of continuous flo


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Event / Event


#1 Aeroflot accidents and incidents in the 1980s

Following is a list of accidents and incidents experienced by Aeroflot during the 1980s. The deadliest accident the carrier experienced in this decade occurred in July   1985   ( 1985-07 ) , when Flight 7425 , a Tupolev Tu-154B-2 , stalled en route and crashed near Uchkuduk , then located in the Uzb

#2 List of Iranian aviation accidents and incidents

This is a list of major aviation accidents and incidents that took place in Iran, or involved aircraft traveling to and from Iran. Date Airline Aircraft Location Casualties December 25, 1952 Iran Air Douglas DC-3 Tehran , Iran 27 fatalities January 21, 1980 Iran Air Boeing 727-86 Alborz Mountains 12

#3 List of Soviet aircraft losses during the Soviet–Afghan War

The following is a partial and unofficial list of helicopter and airplane crashes, accidents and shotdowns that occurred during the Soviet–Afghan War of 1979–89. In total, at least 333 helicopters and 118 Soviet jets were reported lost during the war. [1] This transport-related list is incomplete ;

#4 List of accidents and incidents involving the Douglas DC-4

The Douglas DC-4 is a piston-engine airliner and transport aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1942 to 1947. The type was originally designed as a commercial airliner, but until the end of World War II , all were built as military transports . After the war, many of these military ai

#5 List of accidents and incidents involving airliners by airline (A–C)

This list of accidents and incidents involving airliners by airline summarizes airline accidents and all kinds of minor incidents by airline company with flight number, location, date, aircraft type, and cause. This article needs additional citations for verification . ( June 2012 ) JetBlue Flight 2

#6 1991 in aviation

This is a list of aviation -related events from 1991: Aviation-related events from 1991 Years in aviation : 1988   1989   1990   1991   1992   1993   1994 Centuries : 19th century   ·   20th century   ·   21st century Decades : 1960s   1970s   1980s   1990s   2000s   2010s   2020s Years : 1988   198

#7 1979 in aviation

This is a list of aviation -related events from 1979: Years in aviation : 1976   1977   1978   1979   1980   1981   1982 Centuries : 19th century   ·   20th century   ·   21st century Decades : 1940s   1950s   1960s   1970s   1980s   1990s   2000s Years : 1976   1977   1978   1979   1980   1981   19

#8 1974 in aviation

This is a list of aviation -related events from 1974: Years in aviation : 1971   1972   1973   1974   1975   1976   1977 Centuries : 19th century   ·   20th century   ·   21st century Decades : 1940s   1950s   1960s   1970s   1980s   1990s   2000s Years : 1971   1972   1973   1974   1975   1976   19

#9 List of air rage incidents

This is a list of air rage incidents in commercial air travel that have been covered in the media. Air rage occurs when air travelers or airline personnel act violently, abusively or disruptively towards others in the course of their travel. When these incidents have occurred in flight, they have of

#10 List of mid-air collisions and incidents in the United Kingdom

A number of mid-air collisions and incidents have taken place in the United Kingdom. This article needs additional citations for verification . ( July 2013 )

#11 1920 in aviation

This is a list of aviation -related events from 1920: Years in aviation : 1917   1918   1919   1920   1921   1922   1923 Centuries : 19th century   ·   20th century   ·   21st century Decades : 1890s   1900s   1910s   1920s   1930s   1940s   1950s Years : 1917   1918   1919   1920   1921   1922   19

#12 List of accidents and incidents involving the Vickers Viscount

As World War II came to a close the British government realised that it was going to have to drastically change its air manufacturing industry to avoid becoming dependent on American aircraft companies. To address this issue the Brabazon Committee was formed in 1943 to investigate the future needs o

#13 1965 in aviation

This is a list of aviation -related events from 1965: Years in aviation : 1962   1963   1964   1965   1966   1967   1968 Centuries : 19th century   ·   20th century   ·   21st century Decades : 1930s   1940s   1950s   1960s   1970s   1980s   1990s Years : 1962   1963   1964   1965   1966   1967   19

#14 2012 in aviation

This is a list of aviation-related events from 2012 . Years in aviation : 2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015 Centuries : 20th century   ·   21st century   ·   22nd century Decades : 1980s   1990s   2000s   2010s   2020s   2030s   2040s Years : 2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   20

#15 2006 in aviation

This is a list of aviation-related events from 2006: Years in aviation : 2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009 Centuries : 20th century   ·   21st century   ·   22nd century Decades : 1970s   1980s   1990s   2000s   2010s   2020s   2030s Years : 2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   200

#16 List of accidents and incidents involving the Douglas DC-6

The Douglas DC-6 is a piston-powered airliner and transport aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1946 to 1958. Originally intended as a military transport near the end of World War II , it was reworked after the war to compete with the Lockheed Constellation in the long-range commerci

#17 1961 in aviation

This is a list of aviation -related events from 1961: Years in aviation : 1958   1959   1960   1961   1962   1963   1964 Centuries : 19th century   ·   20th century   ·   21st century Decades : 1930s   1940s   1950s   1960s   1970s   1980s   1990s Years : 1958   1959   1960   1961   1962   1963   19

#18 1944 in aviation

This is a list of aviation -related events from 1944: Years in aviation : 1941   1942   1943   1944   1945   1946   1947 Centuries : 19th century   ·   20th century   ·   21st century Decades : 1910s   1920s   1930s   1940s   1950s   1960s   1970s Years : 1941   1942   1943   1944   1945   1946   19

#19 2014 in aviation

This is a list of aviation-related events from 2014 : Mediterranean Sea (16 March 2014) An MH-60S Sea Hawk helicopter assigned to Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron (HSC) 9 prepares to land on the flight deck of the guided-missile destroyer USS Ramage (DDG 61). Ramage is on a scheduled deployment suppor

#20 List of aircraft shootdowns

This is a list of aircraft shootdowns , dogfights and other incidents during wars since World War II . An aircraft shootdown occurs when an aircraft is struck by a projectile launched or fired from another aircraft or from the ground (see anti-aircraft warfare ) which causes the targeted aircraft to


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Helicopter / Helicopter


#1 Helicopter 66

Helicopter 66 is a United States Navy Sikorsky Sea King helicopter used during the late 1960s for the water recovery of astronauts during five missions of the Apollo program . It has been called "one of the most famous, or at least most iconic, helicopters in history", [2] was the subject of a 1969

#2 Ingenuity (helicopter)

Ingenuity, nicknamed Ginny, is a small robotic coaxial rotor helicopter operating on Mars as part of NASA 's Mars 2020 mission along with the Perseverance rover , which landed on February 18, 2021. Two months later, on April 19, Ingenuity successfully completed the first powered controlled extraterr

#3 List of flights by Ingenuity helicopter on Mars

The NASA helicopter Ingenuity on Mars made the first powered controlled flights by an aircraft on a planet other than Earth. [1] [2] Its first flight was April 19, 2021, after landing February 18 attached to the underside of the Perseverance rover. [3] Ingenuity weighs 1.8 kilograms (4.0   lb) and i

#4 MD Helicopters MH-6 Little Bird

The Boeing MH-6M Little Bird (nicknamed the Killer Egg ) and its attack variant, the AH-6 , are light helicopters used for special operations in the United States Army . Originally based on a modified OH-6A , it was later based on the MD 500E , with a single five-bladed main rotor . The newest versi

#5 List of Ingenuity flights

The NASA helicopter Ingenuity on Mars made the first powered controlled flights by an aircraft on a planet other than Earth. [1] [2] Its first flight was April 19, 2021, after landing February 18 attached to the underside of the Perseverance rover. [3] Ingenuity weighs 1.8 kilograms (4.0   lb) and i

#6 Irkut A-002

The Irkut A-002 is a three-seat, pusher configuration autogyro developed in Russia through the 2000s by the United Constructor Bureau for Light Aircraft team of the Irkutsk Aircraft Production Association (IAPO) "Irkut" as the first independent product. The take-off from a place is possible when spe


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Manufacturer / Manufacturer


#1 Clément-Bayard

Clément-Bayard , Bayard-Clément , [1] was a French manufacturer of automobiles, aeroplanes and airships founded in 1903 by entrepreneur Gustave Adolphe Clément . [2] [3] Clément obtained consent from the Conseil d'Etat to change his name to that of his business in 1909. The extra name celebrated the

#2 Recaro

Recaro Holding , as the parent company of the Recaro Group , owns the Recaro brand and the independently operating companies Recaro Aircraft Seating (aircraft seats) based in Schwäbisch Hall and Recaro eGaming (gaming seats) based in Stuttgart , Germany . The business areas Recaro Automotive Seating

#3 Mitsubishi Group

The Mitsubishi Group ( 三菱グループ , Mitsubishi Gurūpu , informally known as the Mitsubishi Keiretsu ) is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries. Group of autonomous, Japanese multinational companies For the unrelated pen company of the same name, see Mitsubishi

#4 Société Française de Construction Aéronautique

The Société Française de Construction Aéronautique (SFCA) was an aircraft manufacturing company based in Buc , France . [1] [2] Defunct French aircraft manufacturer Société Française de Construction Aéronautique Industry Aeronautics , defence Founded 24 July 1934 Founder André Maillet Fate Merged He

#5 United Aircraft Corporation

The PJSC United Aircraft Corporation ( UAC ) ( Russian : Объединённая авиастроительная корпорация , tr. Obyedinyonnaya Aviastroitelnaya Korporatsiya (OAK) ) is a Russian aerospace and defense corporation . With a majority stake belonging to the Russian government , it consolidates Russian private an


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Museum / Museum


#1 Dornier Museum Friedrichshafen

The Dornier Museum Friedrichshafen is an aerospace museum located in the German town of Friederichshafen near Lake Constance . The museum exhibits the aircraft designs of Claude Dornier , the Dornier company and aerospace products of Airbus . [2] Aviation museum in Friedrichshafen Airport, Baden-Wür


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Weapon / Weapon


#1 MIM-104 Patriot

The MIM-104 Patriot is a surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, the primary of its kind used by the United States Army and several allied states. It is manufactured by the U.S. defence contractor Raytheon and derives its name from the radar component of the weapon system. The AN/MPQ-53 at the heart of

#2 9K33 Osa

The 9K33 Osa ( Russian : 9К33 «Оса» , literally " wasp "; NATO reporting name SA-8 Gecko ) is a highly mobile, low-altitude, short-range tactical surface-to-air missile system developed in the Soviet Union in the 1960s and fielded in 1972. Its export version name is Romb . [6] Vehicle-launched surfa

#3 Pumpkin bomb

Pumpkin bombs were conventional aerial bombs developed by the Manhattan Project and used by the United States Army Air Forces against Japan during World War II . It was a close replication of the Fat Man plutonium bomb with the same ballistic and handling characteristics, but it used non-nuclear con

#4 Chain Home

Chain Home , or CH for short, was the codename for the ring of coastal Early Warning radar stations built by the Royal Air Force (RAF) before and during the Second World War to detect and track aircraft . [1] Initially known as RDF , and given the official name Air Ministry Experimental Station Type

#5 Bouncing bomb

A bouncing bomb is a bomb designed to bounce to a target across water in a calculated manner to avoid obstacles such as torpedo nets , and to allow both the bomb's speed on arrival at the target and the timing of its detonation to be pre-determined, in a similar fashion to a regular naval depth char

#6 Little Boy

" Little Boy " was the codename for the type of atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945 during World War II . It was the first nuclear weapon used in warfare. The bomb was dropped by the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay piloted by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets, Jr. , comm

#7 2K12 Kub

The 2K12 "Kub" ( Russian : 2К12 "Куб" ; English: cube ) ( NATO reporting name : SA-6 "Gainful" ) mobile surface-to-air missile system is a Soviet low to medium-level air defence system designed to protect ground forces from air attack. "2К12" is the GRAU designation of the system. "SA-6" redirects h

#8 Joint Direct Attack Munition

The Joint Direct Attack Munition ( JDAM ) is a guidance kit that converts unguided bombs , or "dumb bombs", into all-weather precision-guided munitions . JDAM-equipped bombs are guided by an integrated inertial guidance system coupled to a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver, giving them a publ

#9 Alvis Stormer

The Alvis Stormer is a military armoured vehicle manufactured by the British company Alvis Vickers, now BAE Systems Land & Armaments . The Stormer is a development of the CVR(T) family of vehicles ( Scorpion , Scimitar , Spartan etc.), essentially a larger, modernised version with an extra road-whee

#10 Nike Hercules

The Nike Hercules , initially designated SAM-A-25 and later MIM-14 , was a surface-to-air missile (SAM) used by U.S. and NATO armed forces for medium- and high-altitude long-range air defense . It was normally armed with the W31 nuclear warhead , but could also be fitted with a conventional warhead

#11 S-75 Dvina

The S-75 (Russian: С-75; NATO reporting name SA-2 Guideline ) is a Soviet-designed, high-altitude air defence system, built around a surface-to-air missile with command guidance . Following its first deployment in 1957 it became one of the most widely deployed air defence systems in history. It scor

#12 9K35 Strela-10

The 9K35 Strela-10 ( Russian : 9К35 «Стрела-10» ; English: arrow ) is a Soviet highly mobile, short-range surface-to-air missile system. It is visually aimed, and utilizes optical/ infrared-guidance. The system is primarily intended to engage low-altitude threats, such as helicopters. " 9K35 " is it

#13 Blowpipe (missile)

The Shorts Blowpipe is a man-portable (MANPADS) surface-to-air missile that was in use with the British Army and Royal Marines from 1975. It also saw service in other military forces around the world. Most examples were retired by the mid-1990s. It is unique among MANPADS in that it is manually guid


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